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U+81BA, 膺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81BA

[U+81B9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81BB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 戈人土月 (IOGB), four-corner 00227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 995, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29928
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1446, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2118, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81BA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯŋ): phonetic 𤸰 + semantic (body).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʔiəŋ/
Wang
Li
/ĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yīng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jing1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔing ›
Old
Chinese
/*[q](r)əŋ/
English breast(plate); oppose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15348
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) breast; chest
    義憤填 / 义愤填  ―  yìfèntiányīng  ―  to feel indignant at injustice
  2. (ancient, of horses) breast strap
  3. (literary) to undertake; to bear
  4. (literary) to attack

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. breast

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): よう (yō), おう (ō)
  • Kun: むね (mune)

Compounds​[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨŋ). Recorded as Middle Korean 으ᇰ (Yale: ung) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 가슴 (gaseum eung))

  1. Hanja form? of (breasts).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: ưng, ứng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.