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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 164 +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一田人尸 (MWOS), four-corner 18611)

  1. vinegar

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1282, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39824
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1781, character 43
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3578, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+9162

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
酢-bronze.svg 酢-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zak̚/
Li
Rong
/d͡zɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/d͡zɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zuó
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 16654 16667
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaːɡs/ /*zaːɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. vinegar

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Unclear. One theory is that this is a native Japanese term, with the su reading somehow related to the way that very sour things cause one to pucker.

Given that vinegar was historically introduced to Japan in the 300-400s from China, another possibility is that the su reading is from Middle Chinese or instead, and that this naturalized and came to be regarded as a native kun'yomi rather than a Chinese-derived on'yomi. Compare modern Mandarin reading or Cantonese cou3.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji su)

  1. vinegar

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cho, jak) (hangeul , , revised cho, jak, McCune-Reischauer ch'o, chak, Yale cho, cak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tạc, thố)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.