Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+9D09, 鴉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9D09

[U+9D08]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9D0A]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 196 +4, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一竹竹日火 (MHHAF), four-corner 17227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1484, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46738
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2016, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4618, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9D09

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljaː, *laː
*ljaː
*ŋraː
*ŋraː
*ŋraː, *ŋraːs
*ŋraː, *hŋraː
*ŋraː, *ŋraːs
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*qraː
*laː

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with (OC *qaː, “crow; raven”). The Middle Chinese of retains the earlier vowel.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ia⁵⁵/
Harbin /ia⁴⁴/ 烏~
/ia²¹³/ ~片
Tianjin /iɑ²¹/
Jinan /ia²¹³/
Qingdao /ia⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ia²⁴/
Xi'an /ia²¹/
Xining /ia⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ia⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ia¹³/
Ürümqi /ia⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ia⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ia⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ia⁵⁵/
Kunming /ia̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /iɑ³¹/
Hefei /ia²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ia¹¹/
Pingyao /iɑ¹³/
Hohhot /ia³¹/
Wu Shanghai /o⁵³/
/ia⁵³/
Suzhou /o⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiɑ³³/
Wenzhou /o³³/
Hui Shexian /ia³¹/
/ŋa³¹/
Tunxi /ŋɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ia³³/
Xiangtan /iɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /ŋɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /a⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /a⁵⁵/
Nanning /a⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /a⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /a⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /a⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /a⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /a³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /za³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ʔa/
Wang
Li
/a/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*qˤra/
English raven, crow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14196
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qraː/
Notes

Noun[edit]

  1. crow, raven

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

鴉(karasu)

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
からす
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of から (kara, caw, onomatopoeia) +‎ (su, bird?, ancient suffix appearing in certain bird names).[1] Compare the (su) in (uguisu), 杜鵑 (hototogisu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana からす, katakana カラス, rōmaji karasu)

  1. crow, raven

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Kikai[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana がらさー, romaji garasā, hiragana がるさー, romaji garusā)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (karasu).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana がらさー, romaji garasā, hiragana がるさー, romaji garusā)

  1. crow, raven

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune-Reischauer a, Yale a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana からすぃ, romaji karasi)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (karasu).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana からすぃ, romaji karasi)

  1. crow, raven

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana がらし, romaji garashi)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (karasu).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana がらし, romaji garashi)

  1. crow, raven

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ác, nha, a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana がらち, romaji garachi)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (karasu).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana がらち, romaji garachi)

  1. crow, raven