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KanjiRedMatrix.svg
U+8D64, 赤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8D64

[U+8D63]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8D65]
U+2F9A, ⾚
KANGXI RADICAL RED

[U+2F99]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F9B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
赤-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 155, +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土中弓金 (GLNC), four-corner 40331, composition丿(GTJKV) or ⿱(H))

  1. Kangxi radical #155, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1213, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1680, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3506, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8D64

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

𤆍

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
赤-oracle.svg 赤-bronze.svg 赤-bronze-spring.svg 赤-silk.svg 赤-slip.svg 赤-ancient.svg 赤-seal.svg 赤-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (person, big) + (fire) – the color of fire (a person by a fire).

Etymology 1[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *krak (blood; red), whence Tibetan ཁྲག (khrag, blood) (STEDT; Schuessler, 2007). Related to (OC *qʰraːɡ, “bright red”) and possibly (OC *hjaɡ, “majestic; red”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chiáh - vernacular (“red and bright” (of gold));
  • chék - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhiah - vernacular;
    • chhek/chhiak - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (24)
    Final () (123)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕʰiᴇk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕʰiæk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cʰiajk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕʰĭɛk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕʰi̯ɛk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chi
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    cik1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyhek ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[t-qʰ](r)Ak/
    English red

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1477
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰljaɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary or poetic) red
        ―  chì  ―  deficit (literally: red figures/numbers)
      晚霞  ―  chìsè de wǎnxiá  ―  red sunset clouds
    2. (Teochew) brown
    3. loyal; sincere
        ―  chìchén  ―  absolutely sincere
    4. empty; bare
      /   ―  chìpín  ―  utterly destitute
      手空拳  ―  chìshǒukōngquán  ―  with bare hands and fists
    5. to be naked
      /   ―  chìjiǎo  ―  to be barefoot
    6. (politics) revolutionary; communist; red
        ―  chìhuà  ―  to communize; to turn Red
    7. pure gold
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (red):

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Proto-Mien: *sekᴰ (red)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From ?”)

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese) painful; aching
      / [Cantonese]  ―  tau4 cek3 [Jyutping]  ―  to have a headache
    Synonyms[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Stroke order
    7 strokes

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. red

    Readings[edit]

    References[edit]

    • New Nelson: 5840
    • Halpern: 2193
    • Halpern Learners: 1389
    • Heisig: 1743
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3b4.10
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あか
    Grade: 1
    Alternative spelling

    (あか) (aka

    1. red (color)
    2. communism, socialism
    3. a communist

    Derived terms[edit]

    Prefix[edit]

    (あか) (aka-

    1. entirely

    Derived terms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Colors in Japanese · (いろ) (iro) (layout · text)
         (しろ) (shiro)      (はい)(いろ) (haiiro),
    (ねずみ)(いろ) (nezumiiro) (dated)
         (くろ) (kuro)
                 (あか) (aka); (しん)() (shinku),
    クリムゾン (kurimuzon),
    (べに)(いろ) (beniiro),
    (くれない)(いろ) (kurenaiiro),
    (あかね)(いろ) (akaneiro)
                 オレンジ (orenji),
    (だいだい)(いろ) (daidaiiro); (ちゃ)(いろ) (chairo),
    (かっ)(しょく) (kasshoku)
                 ()(いろ) (kiiro); クリーム(いろ) (kurīmuiro)
                 ()(みどり) (kimidori)              (みどり) (midori),
    (あお) (ao) (dated)
                 若緑(わかみどり) (wakamidori)
                 シアン (shian); (かも)羽色(はねいろ) (kamo no hane iro)              (みず)(いろ) (mizuiro)              (あお) (ao)
                 (すみれ)(いろ) (sumireiro); (あい)(いろ) (aiiro),
    インジゴ (injigo)
                 マゼンタ (mazenta); (むらさき) (murasaki)              ピンク (pinku),
    (もも)(いろ) (momoiro)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 2002, 京阪系アクセント辞典 (A Dictionary of Tone on Words of the Keihan-type Dialects) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Bensei, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 붉을 (bulgeul jeok))

    1. Hanja form? of (red).

    Kunigami[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はか゚ー, romaji hakā)

    1. red

    Miyako[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あか, romaji aka)

    1. red

    Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あか, romaji aka)

    1. red

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あか, rōmaji aka)

    1. red

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: xích

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Yaeyama[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あか, romaji aka)

    1. red

    Yonaguni[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あが, romaji aga)

    1. red