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KanjiRedMatrix.svg
U+8D64, 赤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8D64

[U+8D63]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8D65]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
赤-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 155, +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土中弓金 (GLNC), four-corner 40331, composition丿(GTJKV) or ⿱(H))

  1. Kangxi radical #155, .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1213, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1680, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3506, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8D64

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
赤-oracle.svg 赤-bronze.svg 赤-bronze-spring.svg 赤-silk.svg 赤-slip.svg 赤-ancient.svg 赤-seal.svg 赤-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sqraː
*qʰraːɡs, *qʰraːɡ
*hljaɡs
*qʰljaɡ, *kʰljaɡ, *hljaɡ
*qʰraːɡ
*qʰraːɡ
*kʰljaɡ
*kʰljaɡ
*qʰjaːɡ
*qʰleːɡ
*qʰʷreːɡ
*qʰʷreːɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (person, big) +  (fire) – the color of fire (a person by a fire).

Etymology[edit]

Connected with Proto-Sino-Tibetan *krak (blood; red) in the STEDT database, whence Tibetan ཁྲག (khrag, blood). Also compare (OC *qʰraːɡ, “bright red”) and (OC *hjaɡ, “majestic; red”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chiáh - vernacular (“red and bright” (of gold));
  • chék - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhiah - vernacular;
    • chhek/chhiak - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (24)
    Final () (123)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕʰiᴇk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕʰiæk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cʰiajk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕʰĭɛk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕʰi̯ɛk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chi
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1477
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰljaɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary or poetic) red
        ―  chì  ―  deficit (literally: red figures/numbers)
      晚霞  ―  chìsè de wǎnxiá  ―  red sunset clouds
    2. loyal
    3. empty
    4. bare; naked
    5. (politics) revolutionary; communist; red
      色政權 / 色政权  ―  chìsèzhèngquán  ―  communist regime (literally: red regime)
    6. pure gold

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Stroke order
    7 strokes

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. red

    Readings[edit]

    References[edit]

    • New Nelson: 5840
    • Halpern: 2193
    • Halpern Learners: 1389
    • Heisig: 1743
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3b4.10
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あか, katakana アカ, rōmaji aka)

    1. red (color)
    2. communism, socialism
    3. a communist

    Derived terms[edit]

    Prefix[edit]

    (hiragana あか, rōmaji aka-)

    1. entirely

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 2002, 京阪系アクセント辞典 (A Dictionary of Tone on Words of the Keihan-type Dialects) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Bensei, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeok)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: jeok, McCune–Reischauer: chŏk, Yale: cek)
      • Name (hangeul): 붉을
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (xích)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.