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U+8D6B, 赫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8D6B

[U+8D6A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8D6C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 155, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 土金土中金 (GCGLC), four-corner 44331, composition赤)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1214, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37010
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1682, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3508, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8D6B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
赫-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sqraː
*qʰraːɡs, *qʰraːɡ
*hljaɡs
*qʰljaɡ, *kʰljaɡ, *hljaɡ
*qʰraːɡ
*qʰraːɡ
*kʰljaɡ
*kʰljaɡ
*qʰjaːɡ
*qʰleːɡ
*qʰʷreːɡ
*qʰʷreːɡ

Duplication of (“red”), with (OC *kʰljaɡ) acting as the phonetic component.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xɤ˥˩/
Harbin /xɤ˥˧/
Tianjin /xɤ˥˧/
Jinan /xə˨˩˧/
Qingdao /xə˦˨/
Zhengzhou /xɛ˨˦/
Xi'an /xei˨˩/
Xining /xɨ˦˦/
Yinchuan /xa˩˧/
/xɯ˩˧/
Lanzhou /xə˥˧/
Ürümqi /xɤ˨˩˧/
Wuhan /xɤ˨˩˧/
Chengdu /xe˧˩/
Guiyang /xɛ˨˩/
Kunming /xə˧˩/
Nanjing /xəʔ˥/
Hefei /xɐʔ˥/
Jin Taiyuan /xəʔ˨/
Pingyao /xʌʔ˩˧/
Hohhot /xaʔ˦˧/
Wu Shanghai /haʔ˥/
Suzhou /həʔ˥/
Hangzhou /hɑʔ˥/
Wenzhou /ha˨˩˧/
Hui Shexian /xɛʔ˨˩/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /xə˨˦/
Xiangtan /hæ˨˦/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /hak̚˩/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /hak̚˥/
Nanning /hak̚˧˧/
Hong Kong /hak̚˥/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hik̚˧˨/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hiɑʔ˨˧/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɛ˨˦/
Shantou (Min Nan) /heʔ˨/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hek̚˥/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (113)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/hᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/xak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/haɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/xɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/xɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
he
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ xaek ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰˁrak/
English red, fiery

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1474
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰraːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bright red
  2. bright; luminous
  3. distinguished; eminent; glorious; awe-inspiring
  4. to display; to show off
  5. Alternative form of (, “to frighten”).
  6. angrily; furiously
  7. (physics) Short for 赫茲赫兹 (Hèzī, “hertz”).
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) to be frightened

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Min Nan) so; that”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyeok) (hangeul , revised hyeok, McCune–Reischauer hyŏk, Yale hyek)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hách, hích)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.