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A calque of the German word Kommunismus (from Marx and Engels's Manifesto of the German Communist Party), in turn a calque of the French word communisme, which was formed from commun (common) (from Latin communis) and the suffix -isme (-ism).


  • IPA(key): /ˈkɒm.juˌnɪzm̩/
The red flag, particularly when marked with a yellow hammer intersecting a yellow sickle, is an iconic symbol of communism.


communism (countable and uncountable, plural communisms)

  1. Any political philosophy or ideology advocating holding the production of resources collectively.
    • 1932, D. H. Lawrence, The Letters of D.H. Lawrence, Edited by A. Huxley[1], page 219:
      I want to gather together about twenty souls and sail away from this world of war and squalor and found a little colony where there shall be no money but a sort of communism as far as necessaries of life go, and some real decency.
  2. Any political social system that implements a communist political philosophy.
  3. The international socialist society where classes and the state no longer exist.

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

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