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- The tendency for a person to act without reference to others, particularly in matters of style, fashion or mode of thought.
- The moral stance, political philosophy, or social outlook that promotes independence and self-reliance of individual people, while opposing the interference with each person's choices by society, the state, or any other group or institution.
- 1920, Edward Carpenter, Pagan and Christian Creeds, New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., page 165:
- [A]nd that one great and all-important occasion and provocative of these beliefs was actually the rise of self-consciousness — that is, the coming of the mind to a more or less distinct awareness of itself and of its own operation, and the consequent development and growth of Individualism, and of the Self-centred attitude in human thought and action.
- (logic) The doctrine that only individual things are real.
- (philosophy) The doctrine that nothing exists but the individual self.
- (philosophy): solipsism
tendency for a person to act without reference to others