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Character U+5B58 (存)
Name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B58
Block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B57] [U+5B59]

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zluːn): phonetic  ‎(OC *zlɯː) + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大中弓木 (KLND), four-corner 40247, composition𠂇)

  1. exist, live, be
  2. survive
  3. remain
  4. to keep

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 278, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6943
  • Dae Jaweon: page 545, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1009, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5B58

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰuən³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sʰuən²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰuən⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡sʰuẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰuə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰuən⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰuẽ²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰuə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡sʰũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
/t͡sʰuən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /t͡sʰuə̃³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰun²⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zø³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰuːə⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰun²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰun¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰun¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡souŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zuən/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zuon/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zwən/
Li
Rong
/d͡zuən/
Wang
Li
/d͡zuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱuən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cún
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˤə[n]/
English exist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1905
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zluːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jon) (hangeul , revised jon, McCune-Reischauer chon)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tồn, dòn, sòn, ròn, tòn)

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