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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B58
Code point U+5B58
Entity number 存
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B57] [U+5B59]

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大中弓木 (KLND), four-corner 40247, composition𠂇)

  1. exist, live, be
  2. survive
  3. remain

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 278, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6943
  • Dae Jaweon: page 545, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1009, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5B58

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (存), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 徂尊切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuən/ /d͡zʱuən/ /d͡zuən/ /d͡zuon/ /d͡zwən/ /d͡zuən/ /d͡zuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cún ‹ dzwon › /*[dz]ˤə[n]/ exist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1905 1 /*zluːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. To exist.
  2. To keep.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 保存 ‎(ほぞん, hozon)
  • 存続 ‎(そんぞく, sonzoku)
  • 依存 ‎(いぞん, izon)
  • 依存症 ‎(いぞんしょう, izonshō)
  • 現存 ‎(げんぞん, genzon)
  • 共存 ‎(きょうぞん, kyōzon)
  • 生存 ‎(せいぞん, seizon)
  • 生存権 ‎(せいぞんけん, seizonken)
  • 残存 ‎(ざんぞん, zanzon)
  • 存立 ‎(そんりつ, sonritsu)
  • 存否 ‎(そんぴ, sonpi)
  • 存心 ‎(ぞんしん, zonshin)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jon) (hangeul , revised jon, McCune-Reischauer chon)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tồn, dòn, sòn, ròn, tòn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.