Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
暴-oracle.svg 暴-bigseal.svg 暴-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意) – originally (in oracle script) the antler of a buck (at bottom), indicating a savage attack. Subsequently significantly simplified and abstracted: in seal script analyzed as  +  + , while in current form rather  +  +  (similar to unrelated ); compare bottom component to bottom right of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 日廿金水 (ATCE), four-corner 60132, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 499, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14137
  • Dae Jaweon: page 868, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1532, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+66B4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (3)
Final: (89)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bào
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/bɑuH/ /bɑuH/ /bɑuH/ /bawH/ /bɑuH/ /bɑuH/ /bʱɑuH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (3)
Final: (3)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bú
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/buk̚/ /buk̚/ /buk̚/ /bəwk̚/ /buk̚/ /buk̚/ /bʱuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bào ‹ bawH › /*[b]ˤawk-s/ violent
‹ buwk › /*m-pˤawk/ expose to sun

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
330 3 /*boːwɢs/
343 0 /*boːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sudden
  2. violent, cruel, brutal, tyrannical
  3. show, expose
  4. injure

Usage notes[edit]

In Taiwan, 暴 may be pronounced in the compound 暴露.


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. violent, brutal, fierce

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぼう
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese ‎(bawH, violent).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana ぼう, romaji )

  1. violent

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぼう, romaji )

  1. violentness

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(po, pok, bak) (hangeul , , , revised po, pok, bak, McCune-Reischauer p'o, p'ok, pak, Yale pho, phok, pak)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bạo, bão, bộc, bẹo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.