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See also:
U+66B4, 暴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66B4

[U+66B3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66B5]
U+FA06, 暴
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA06

[U+FA05]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA07]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72, +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 日廿金水 (ATCE), four-corner 60132, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Wikidata has structured data related to:

Wikidata

  • KangXi: page 499, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14137
  • Dae Jaweon: page 868, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1532, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+66B4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
暴-oracle.svg 暴-seal.svg 暴-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*boːwɢs, *boːɡ
*boːwɢs, *boːɡ
*boːwɢs, *boːɡ
*boːwɢs
*proːwɢs, *poːwɢ, *proːwɢ
*poːwɢ, *poːwɢ
*proːwɢ
*pʰroːwɢ, *broːwɢ
*broːwɢ, *poːwɢ
*broːwɢ

Ideogrammic compound (會意) – originally (in oracle script) the antler of a buck (at bottom), indicating a savage attack. Subsequently significantly simplified and abstracted: in seal script analyzed as  +  +  + , while in current form rather  +  +  (similar to unrelated ); compare bottom component to bottom right of .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (89) (3)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bawH/ /bəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Wang
Li
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱɑuH/ /bʱuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bào
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bào
Middle
Chinese
‹ bawH › ‹ buwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˁawk-s/ /*m-pˁawk/
English violent expose to sun

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 330 343
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*boːwɢs/ /*boːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sudden
  2. violent; cruel; brutal; tyrannical
  3. to show; to expose
  4. to injure

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. violent; brutal; fierce

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぼう
Grade: 5
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC bɑuH, “violent”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana ぼう, rōmaji )

  1. violent

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぼう, rōmaji )

  1. violentness

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC buk̚, “to expose to the sun”).

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has literary Chinese texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 나타날, 드러날 (natanal, deureonal pok))

  1. (only in compounds) Hanja form? of (fierce; violent; brutal).
  2. (literary Chinese) Hanja form? of (to show; to appear; to manifest).
Usage notes[edit]

The original hanja reading for the sense "fierce; violent; brutal" is (po) based on Middle Chinese (MC bɑuH). The reading (pok) for this sense is a 속음 (俗音, sogeum, “unorthodox reading that became widespread”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC bɑuH, “violent”).

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 사나울 (sanaul po))

  1. Hanja form? of (fierce; violent; brutal).
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 앙상할 (angsanghal bak))

  1. (literary Chinese) Hanja form? of (sparse; bare; thin; skinny).
Compounds[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: bạo ((bạc)(báo)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5], bộc ((bộ)(mộc)(thiết))[3][5]
: Nôm readings: bạo[1][2][3][4][6], bão[1][2][7], bộc[7][5], bậu[1], bẹo[3]

  1. Hán tự form of bạo (ferocious; cruel; violent).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]