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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

暴-oracle.svg 暴-bigseal.svg 暴-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意) – originally (in oracle script) the antler of a buck (at bottom), indicating a savage attack. Subsequently significantly simplified and abstracted: in seal script analyzed as  +  + , while in current form rather  +  +  (similar to unrelated ); compare bottom component to bottom right of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 日廿金水 (ATCE), four-corner 60132, composition)

  1. violent, brutal, tyrannical

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 499, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14137
  • Dae Jaweon: page 868, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1532, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+66B4

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (暴), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 薄報切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɑuH/ /bʱɑuH/ /bɑuH/ /bɑuH/ /bawH/ /bɑuH/ /bɑuH/
Character (暴), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 屋
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 蒲木切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/buk̚/ /bʱuk̚/ /buk̚/ /buk̚/ /bəwk̚/ /buk̚/ /buk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bào ‹ bawH › /*[b]ˤawk-s/ violent
‹ buwk › /*m-pˤawk/ expose to sun

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
330 3 /*boːwɢs/
343 0 /*boːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sudden
  2. violent, cruel
  3. show, expose
  4. injure

Usage notes[edit]

In Taiwan, 暴 may be pronounced in the compound 暴露.


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. violent, brutal, fierce

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(po, pok, bak) (hangeul , , , revised po, pok, bak, McCune-Reischauer p'o, p'ok, pak, Yale pho, phok, pak)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bạo, bão, bộc, bẹo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.