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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
暴-oracle.svg 暴-bigseal.svg 暴-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意) – originally (in oracle script) the antler of a buck (at bottom), indicating a savage attack. Subsequently significantly simplified and abstracted: in seal script analyzed as  +  + , while in current form rather  +  +  (similar to unrelated ); compare bottom component to bottom right of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 日廿金水 (ATCE), four-corner 60132, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 499, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14137
  • Dae Jaweon: page 868, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1532, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+66B4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (89) (3)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bawH/ /bəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Wang
Li
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱɑuH/ /bʱuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bào
Middle
Chinese
‹ bawH › ‹ buwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˤawk-s/ /*m-pˤawk/
English violent expose to sun

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 330 343
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*boːwɢs/ /*boːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sudden
  2. violent, cruel, brutal, tyrannical
  3. to show, expose
  4. to injure

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. violent, brutal, fierce

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぼう
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese ‎(bawH, violent).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana ぼう, romaji )

  1. violent

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぼう, romaji )

  1. violentness

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(po, pok, bak) (hangeul , , , McCune-Reischauer p'o, p'ok, pak, Yale pho, phok, pak)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bạo, bão, bộc, bẹo)

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