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U+6D1E, 洞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D1E

[U+6D1D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D1F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

(radical 85, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水月一口 (EBMR), four-corner 37120, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 620, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17386
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1016, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1607, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6D1E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

“hole; cavity” > “penetrating; thorough; zero”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *dwa(ː)ŋ (hole; orifice; cave; pit; well). Cognate with Burmese တွင်း (twang:), Tibetan དོང (dong) and Jingpho kha-thung (well, pit).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • dang7 - vernacular;
  • tong7 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tuŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /tuŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /tuŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /tuŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /təŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tuŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /tuŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /tuə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /tuŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /tũn¹³/
    Ürümqi /tuŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /toŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /toŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /toŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /toŋ¹/
    Nanjing /toŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /təŋ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /tuəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /tuŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /tũŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /doŋ²³/
    Suzhou /doŋ³¹/
    Hangzhou /doŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /doŋ²²/
    Hui Shexian /tʰʌ̃²²/
    Tunxi /tan¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /toŋ⁵⁵/
    /toŋ¹¹/
    Xiangtan /dən²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰuŋ²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰuŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan /tʰuŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /toŋ²²/
    Nanning /tuŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /tuŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɔyŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /taŋ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdoŋ³³/
    /ʔdoŋ²³/ ~房

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /duŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /duŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /duŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dəwŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /duŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /duŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱuŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dòng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 12469
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*doːŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. hole; cavity; cave
    2. thorough; penetrating
    3. the numeral zero (when reading numbers in certain situations)
    4. dong, a submunicipal administrative division in North and South Korea
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /duŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /duŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /duŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dəwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /duŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /duŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱuŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tóng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 12453
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*doːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 澒洞 and 洪洞 (Hóngtóng).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. Cave, den, grotto

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (dong, tong) (hangeul , )

    1. Neighborhood, an administrative division in South Korea.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đọng, động, đùng, dộng, dọng, đỗng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.