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U+6D1E, 洞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D1E

[U+6D1D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D1F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水月一口 (EBMR), four-corner 37120, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 620, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17386
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1016, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1607, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6D1E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*duʔ, *doːŋ, *doŋʔ
*tʰoːŋ, *tʰoːŋʔ, *doːŋ
*tʰoːŋ, *doːŋs
*tʰoːŋ
*doːŋ
*zlon, *doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ, *doːŋs
*doːŋ, *doːŋʔ
*doːŋ, *doːŋs
*doːŋ, *doːŋs
*doːŋ
*doːŋ, *doːŋʔ
*doːŋ, *doːŋʔ
*doːŋ, *doːŋʔ, *doːŋs
*doːŋ, *doːŋs
*doːŋ
*doːŋ, *doːŋs
*doːŋʔ
*doːŋʔ, *doːŋs
*doːŋs
*doːŋs
*doːŋs
*doːŋs

Etymology[edit]

“hole; cavity” > “penetrating; thorough; zero”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *dwa(ː)ŋ (hole; orifice; cave; pit; well). Cognate with Burmese တွင်း (twang:), Tibetan དོང (dong) and Jingpho kha-thung (well, pit).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • dang7 - vernacular;
  • tong7 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tuŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /tuŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /tuŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /tuŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /təŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tuŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /tuŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /tuə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /tuŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /tũn¹³/
    Ürümqi /tuŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /toŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /toŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /toŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /toŋ¹/
    Nanjing /toŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /təŋ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /tuəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /tuŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /tũŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /doŋ²³/
    Suzhou /doŋ³¹/
    Hangzhou /doŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /doŋ²²/
    Hui Shexian /tʰʌ̃²²/
    Tunxi /tan¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /toŋ⁵⁵/
    /toŋ¹¹/
    Xiangtan /dən²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰuŋ²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰuŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan /tʰuŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /toŋ²²/
    Nanning /tuŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /tuŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɔyŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /taŋ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdoŋ³³/
    /ʔdoŋ²³/ ~房

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /duŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /duŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /duŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dəwŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /duŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /duŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱuŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dòng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 12469
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*doːŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. hole; cavity; cave
    2. thorough; penetrating
    3. the numeral zero (when reading numbers in certain situations)
    4. dong, a submunicipal administrative division in North and South Korea
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“hole”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 孔洞
    Mandarin Beijing 窟窿
    Jinan 窟窿
    Xi'an 窟窿子窟窿
    Wuhan 窟窿窟眼洞洞
    Chengdu 窟窿洞洞
    Yangzhou
    Hefei 窟窿
    Cantonese Guangzhou 窿咕窿
    Hong Kong 窿咕窿
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian 窿仔窿空仔
    Jin Taiyuan 窟窿窟子
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou 空空
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Taipei
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou 窟窿
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng 眼貢

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /duŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /duŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /duŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dəwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /duŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /duŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱuŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tóng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 12453
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*doːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 澒洞 and 洪洞 (Hóngtóng).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (dong, tong) (hangeul , )

    1. Neighborhood, an administrative division in South Korea.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đọng, động, đùng, dộng, dọng, đỗng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.