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U+5321, 匡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5321

[U+5320]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5322]

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
匡-silk.svg 匡-bigseal.svg 匡-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋʔ
qʷaːŋ, *qʷaːŋs, *qʷaŋʔ
qʷaːŋ
kʷaŋʔ, *kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋ, *ɢʷaŋs
kʷaŋʔ
kʷaŋs, *ɡʷaŋ, *kʷaŋs
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋs
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋ
ɡʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋs
ɡʷaŋ
ɡʷaŋ
ɡʷaŋʔ
ɢʷaŋ, *ɢʷaŋs
ɢʷaŋ
ɢʷaŋ
ɢʷaŋs
qʰʷraːŋ
qʰʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ
ɡʷraːŋ
ɡʷraːŋ
ɡʷaŋ

Han character[edit]

(radical 22 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸一土 (SMG), four-corner 71711, composition)

  1. correct, restore, revise

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 153, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2606
  • Dae Jaweon: page 345, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 83, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5321

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /kʰuaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰuɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /kʰuaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /kʰuaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kʰuaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /kʰuaŋ²¹/
Xining /kʰuɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰuɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kʰuɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /kʰuaŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕʰiaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /kʰuã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /kʰuaŋ³¹/
Hefei /kʰuɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /kʰuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /kʰuɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kʰuɑ̃⁵³/
Suzhou /kʰuɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kʰuɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰyɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /kʰo³¹/
/t͡ɕʰia³¹/
Tunxi /kʰau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuan³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰian³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /kʰioŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kʰioŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /hɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɔŋ⁵³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰiɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xuaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (106)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰʉɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰʷiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiuɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰuaŋ/
Li
Rong
/kʰiuaŋ/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭwaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiwaŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kuāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjwang ›
Old
Chinese
/*k-pʰaŋ/
English square basket

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12721
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷaŋ/
Notes 𡉚

Definitions[edit]

  1. upright
  2. to correct
  3. to save; to assist
  4. to expect
  5. to lose
  6. name of an ancient book
  7. name of two ancient places in Henan
  8. Alternative name for 廬山庐山 (Lúshān).
  9. shell of crabs
  10. Alternative form of .

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 6[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwang) (hangeul , revised gwang, McCune-Reischauer kwang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khuôn, khuông)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.