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U+6C6A, 汪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C6A

[U+6C69]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C6B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 水一土 (EMG), four-corner 31114, composition)

  1. vast, extensive, deep
  2. A surname​, listed 104th in the Hundred Family Surnames

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 607, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17154
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1000, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1557, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6C6A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋʔ
*qʷaːŋ, *qʷaːŋs, *qʷaŋʔ
*qʷaːŋ
*kʷaŋʔ, *kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋ, *ɢʷaŋs
*kʷaŋʔ
*kʷaŋs, *ɡʷaŋ, *kʷaŋs
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋs
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋ
*ɡʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋs
*ɡʷaŋ
*ɡʷaŋ
*ɡʷaŋʔ
*ɢʷaŋ, *ɢʷaŋs
*ɢʷaŋ
*ɢʷaŋ
*ɢʷaŋs
*qʰʷraːŋ
*qʰʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷaŋ

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /uaŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /vɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /vaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /vaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /uaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /uaŋ²¹/
Xining /uɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /vɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /vɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /vɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /uaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /uaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /uaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /uã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /uaŋ³¹/
Hefei /uɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /vɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /uɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /vɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /uɑ̃⁵³/
Suzhou /uɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔuɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /uɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /o³¹/
Tunxi /au¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /uan³³/
Xiangtan /uɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /uɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /voŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /voŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /wɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uaŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /uaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (34) (34) (34)
Final () (102) (106) (102)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Closed
Division () I III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔwɑŋ/ /ʔʉɐŋX/ /ʔwɑŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷɑŋ/ /ʔʷiɐŋX/ /ʔʷɑŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔuɑŋ/ /ʔiuɑŋX/ /ʔuɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔwaŋ/ /ʔuaŋX/ /ʔwaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ʔuɑŋ/ /ʔiuaŋX/ /ʔuɑŋH/
Wang
Li
/uɑŋ/ /ĭwaŋX/ /uɑŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwɑŋ/ /ʔiwaŋX/ /ʔwɑŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wāng wǎng wàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔwang ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʷˤaŋ/
English vast; pool

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 12715 12717 12741
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʷaːŋ/ /*qʷaːŋs/ /*qʷaŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. woof
  2. A surname​.

Descendants[edit]

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Ang, Ong

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wang) (hangeul , revised wang, McCune-Reischauer wang, Yale wang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.