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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 水一土 (EMG), four-corner 31114)

  1. vast, extensive, deep
  2. A surname​, listed 104th in the Hundred Family Surnames

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 607, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17154
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1000, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1557, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6C6A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /uaŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /vɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /vaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /vaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /uaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /uaŋ²¹/
Xining /uɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /vɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /vɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /vɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /uaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /uaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /uaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /uã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /uaŋ³¹/
Hefei /uɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /vɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /uɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /vɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /uɑ̃⁵³/
Suzhou /uɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔuɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /uɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /o³¹/
Tunxi /au¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /uan³³/
Xiangtan /uɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /uɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /voŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /voŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /wɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uaŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /uaŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (34)
Final: (102)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wāng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwɑŋ/ /ʔʷɑŋ/ /ʔuɑŋ/ /ʔwaŋ/ /ʔuɑŋ/ /uɑŋ/ /ʔwɑŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (34)
Final: (106)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wǎng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔʉɐŋX/ /ʔʷiɐŋX/ /ʔiuɑŋX/ /ʔuaŋX/ /ʔiuaŋX/ /ĭwaŋX/ /ʔiwaŋX/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (34)
Final: (102)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wàng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwɑŋH/ /ʔʷɑŋH/ /ʔuɑŋH/ /ʔwaŋH/ /ʔuɑŋH/ /uɑŋH/ /ʔwɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wāng ‹ ʔwang › /*qʷˤaŋ/ vast; pool

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12715 0 /*qʷaːŋ/
12717 0 /*qʷaːŋs/
12741 0 /*qʷaŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. woof
  2. A surname​.

Descendants[edit]

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Ang, Ong

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wang) (hangeul , revised wang, McCune-Reischauer wang, Yale wang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(uông)

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