bang

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: bàng, bâng, bāng, băng, bằng, bảng, bǎng, and bång

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English *bangen, from Old English *bangian, bangan or Old Norse banga (to pound, hammer); both from Proto-Germanic *bang- (to beat), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰen- (to beat, hit, injure). Cognate with Icelandic banga (to pound, hammer), Old Swedish bånga (to hammer), Danish banke (to beat), bengel (club), Low German bangen, bangeln (to strike, beat), West Frisian bingel, bongel, Dutch bengel (bell; rascal), German Bengel (club), bungen (to throb, pulsate).

In the sense of a fringe of hair, from bang off.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bang (plural bangs)

  1. A sudden percussive noise.
    • 1992, Bob Magor, Blood on the Board, page 39:
      A fiendish yell then followed / Ev'ry salvo's 'bang' and 'bloop'.
    When he struck it with a hammer, there was a loud bang.
  2. A strike upon an object causing such a noise.
  3. An explosion.
  4. (US, archaic) Synonym of bangs: hair hanging over the forehead, especially a hairstyle with such hair cut straight across.
    Tiffany has long hair and bangs.
    • 1880, William Dean Howells, The Undiscovered Country
      his hair cut in front like a young lady's bang
    • 1902, Barbara Baynton, Squeaker's Mate:
      She was not much to look at. Her red hair hung in an uncurled bang over her forehead
  5. (chiefly US) The symbol !, known as an exclamation point.
    An e-mail address with an ! is called a bang path.
  6. (mathematics) A factorial, in mathematics, because the factorial of n is often written as n!
  7. (vulgar, slang) An act of sexual intercourse.
  8. An offbeat figure typical of reggae songs and played on guitar and piano.
  9. (slang, mining) An explosive product.
    Load the bang into the hole.
  10. (slang) An injection, a shot (of a narcotic drug). [from 20th c.]
    • 1952, William S. Burroughs, in Harris (ed.), Letters 1945–59, Penguin 2009, p. 101:
      As for myself, I take a bang now and then—I know plenty of croakers—but I really couldn't keep up a habit without a lot of running around and bother.
  11. (slang, US, Boston area) An abrupt left turn.
  12. (Ireland, colloquial, slang) strong smell (of)
    There was a bang of onions off his breath.
  13. (slang) A thrill.
    • 1993, Douglas Woolf, Sandra Braman, Hypocritic Days & Other Tales (page 40)
      "We all know you give great parties, Mr. Lippincott."
      "It gives me a bang, even a bigger bang than this," Mr. Lippincott said, indicating his drink and then finishing it.
    • 2000, James Hadley Chase, Make the Corpse Walk (page 31)
      Yes, he got a bang out of cheating Rollo.
Synonyms[edit]
The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. For synonyms and antonyms you may use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}}.
Antonyms[edit]
  • (abrupt left turn): hang
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

bang (third-person singular simple present bangs, present participle banging, simple past and past participle banged)

  1. (intransitive) To make sudden loud noises, and often repeatedly, especially by exploding or hitting something.
    The fireworks banged away all through the night.
    Stop banging on the door. I heard you the first time!
    My head was banging after drinking all night at the concert.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To hit hard.
    He banged the door shut.
    David and Mary banged into each other.
  3. (slang, transitive, intransitive, vulgar) To engage in sexual intercourse.
    We can hear the couple banging upstairs.
    Synonyms: nail, do it, have sex; see also Thesaurus:copulate, Thesaurus:copulate with
  4. (with "in") To hammer or to hit anything hard.
    Hold the picture while I bang in this nail.
  5. (transitive) To cut squarely across, as the tail of a horse, or a person's forelock; to cut (the hair).
  6. (transitive, slang, drugs) To inject intravenously.
    Do you smoke meth? No, I bang it.
Conjugation[edit]
Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bang (comparative more bang, superlative most bang)

  1. Right, directly.
    The passenger door was bang against the garage wall.
    • 2011 September 18, Ben Dirs, “Rugby World Cup 2011: England 41-10 Georgia”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      After yet another missed penalty by Kvirikashvili from bang in front of the posts, England scored again, centre Tuilagi flying into the line and touching down under the bar.
  2. Precisely.
    He arrived bang on time.
  3. With a sudden impact.
    Distracted, he ran bang into the opening door.

Interjection[edit]

bang

  1. A sudden percussive sound, such as made by the firing of a gun, slamming of a door, etc.
    He pointed his finger at her like a gun and said, "Bang!"
    • 1887, H. Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure[2]:
      Bang! Away he goes with a mighty bound. Leo has missed him. Bang! right under him again. Now for a shot. I must have one, though he is going like an arrow, and a hundred yards away and more.
    • 1898, H.G. Wells, The War of the Worlds, London: William Heinemann, page 84:
      "Just like parade it had been a minute before then stumble, bang, swish! Wiped out!" he said.
    • 1899 Feb, Joseph Conrad, “The Heart of Darkness”, in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, page 215:
      "Serve him right. Transgression - punishment - bang! Pitiless, pitiless."
    • 1956, Anthony Burgess, Time for a Tiger (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972, page 17:
      "We help to kill the bloody bandits. Bang, bang, bang."
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bang (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of bhang (cannabis)

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch bang (afraid), from Middle Dutch banghe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bang (attributive bange, comparative banger, superlative bangste)

  1. afraid

Bislama[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English bank.

Noun[edit]

bang

  1. A bank
    • 2008, Miriam Meyerhoff, Social lives in language--sociolinguistics and multilingual speech[3], →ISBN, page 344:
      Bang i wantem mi faen from mi ovaspen.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Etymology 2[edit]

From English bang.

Noun[edit]

bang

  1. accident
See also[edit]
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Bislama is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Noun[edit]

bang

  1. the sound of an explosion or a gun

Quotations[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch banghe, from be- + anghe. The latter word is an adverbial form of enge (narrow, confined), compare angst (fear). See also Middle Low German bange, Middle High German bange, German bang, West Frisian bang.

Adjective[edit]

bang (comparative banger, superlative bangst)

  1. scared, frightened
    • Wees maar niet bang.
      Please don't be afraid.
    • Ik ben bang voor het donker!
      I am scared of the dark!
  2. fearful
  3. anxious
Usage notes[edit]

The adjective is accompanied with zijn (to be); for example: Ik ben bang "I am afraid". Usage with hebben (to have) also occurs - for example: Ik heb bang - but is generally proscribed as a contamination with ik heb angst.

Inflection[edit]
Inflection of bang
uninflected bang
inflected bange
comparative banger
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial bang banger het bangst
het bangste
indefinite m./f. sing. bange bangere bangste
n. sing. bang banger bangste
plural bange bangere bangste
definite bange bangere bangste
partitive bangs bangers
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: bang
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: banggi
  • Jersey Dutch: bāng
  • Negerhollands: bang, baṅ
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Noun[edit]

bang m (plural bangen, diminutive bangetje n)

  1. A sharp, percussive sound, like the sound of an explosion or gun; bang

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

bang

  1. bang

Noun[edit]

bang m (plural bangs)

  1. sonic boom
  2. bong (marijuana pipe)

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • bange (both are roughly equally common)

Etymology[edit]

Originally an adverb, cf. mir ist bange. From Middle High German bange, an enlargement (with the prefix be-) of ange, Old High German ango (narrowly, anxiously), an adverb of engi (narrow), from Proto-Germanic *anguz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bang (comparative banger or bänger, superlative am bangsten or am bängsten)

  1. scared, frightened, afraid, fearful
    • 2001, Sebald, Winfried Georg, Austerlitz, Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer Verlag, →ISBN, page 376:
      […] wenn sie, was mich stets in eine bange Stimmung versetzte, nicht in Paris war, machte ich mich regelmäßig auf, die Randbezirke der Stadt zu erkunden […]
      when she, which always placed me into a state of dread, wasn’t in Paris, I regularly set off to reconnoitre the outlying districts of the city […]
    Synonym: ängstlich

Declension[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse [Term?].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bang n (genitive singular bangs, no plural)

  1. pounding, hammering, banging

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Clipping of abang (brother).

Noun[edit]

bang

  1. Title or term of address for brother

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeic

Noun[edit]

bang

  1. A sudden percussive noise.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Malay bang, from Persian بانگ(bâng, voice, sound, noise, cry), from Middle Persian 𐭥𐭠𐭭𐭢(ʿʾng /vāng/).

Noun[edit]

bang (first-person possessive bangku, second-person possessive bangmu, third-person possessive bangnya)

  1. (obsolete) adhan
    Synonym: azan

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bang m (genitive singular banga, nominative plural banganna)

  1. (swimming) stroke, single effort
    Synonyms: béim, buille, oscar
  2. effort, (vigorous) movement
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish bang (ban, interdict).

Noun[edit]

bang f (genitive singular bainge, nominative plural banga)

  1. ban, interdict, taboo
  2. restraint
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

bang m (genitive singular baing, nominative plural baing)

  1. Alternative form of banc (bank)
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bang bhang mbang
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]


Javanese[edit]

Other scripts
Carakan ꦧꦁ
Roman bang

Etymology 1[edit]

From the Javanese adjective abang.

Adjective[edit]

bang

  1. red

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bang

  1. region

Etymology 3[edit]

Akin to Malay bank.

Noun[edit]

bang

  1. bank (institution)

Etymology 4[edit]

From the Javanese noun kembang.

Noun[edit]

bang

  1. flower

Lashi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *hwaŋ (to shine). Cognates include S'gaw Karen ဘီ (baw, yellow) and Burmese ဝင်း (wang:, bright).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bang

  1. bright

References[edit]

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[4], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Malay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Persian بانگ(voice, sound, noise, cry).

Noun[edit]

bang (Jawi spelling بڠ‎, plural bang-bang, informal 1st possessive bangku, impolite 2nd possessive bangmu, 3rd possessive bangnya)

  1. adhan
    Synonym: azan

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of abang (brother).

Noun[edit]

bang (Jawi spelling بڠ‎, plural bang-bang, informal 1st possessive bangku, impolite 2nd possessive bangmu, 3rd possessive bangnya)

  1. brother (older male sibling)
    Synonyms: abang (bung), kakak, engko, nana, uda

Further reading[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bang

  1. Nonstandard spelling of bāng.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of bǎng.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of bàng.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Maranao[edit]

Noun[edit]

bang

  1. (Islam) adhan, call to prayer

References[edit]


Northern Kurdish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bang ?

  1. a shout.

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Onomatopoeic or unknown origin.

Noun[edit]

bang n (genitive bangs, plural bǫng)

  1. pounding, hammering, banging

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • bang in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German bang, Dutch bang.

Adjective[edit]

bang

  1. afraid, scared, fearful
  2. timid
  3. uneasy

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Interjection[edit]

bang

  1. bang

Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bang

  1. scared, anxious

Noun[edit]

bang ?

  1. A sudden percussive noise

Declension[edit]

Declension of bang 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bang bangen bangar bangarna
Genitive bangs bangens bangars bangarnas

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Noun[edit]

(classifier cái) bang

  1. (Vietnam) state (a political division of a federation)
    Thành phố Oklahoma là thủ phủ bang Oklahoma.
    Oklahoma City is the capital of the state of Oklahoma.
    bang Kê-ra-la trong nước Cộng hòa Ấn Độ
    the State of Kerala in the Republic of India
    Thụy Sĩ có 26 bang.
    Switzerland has 26 cantons.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Derived terms
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

bang

  1. (Central Vietnam, Southern Vietnam) to crash into; to collide with; to hit
    Synonyms: , tông

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Noun[edit]

bang

  1. (historical) community of overseas Chinese in French Indochina who emigrated from the same province of China
    bang Phúc Kiến
    the Fukien Chinese expatriates' society
  2. Short for bang tá (assistant district chief).
  3. Short for bang biện (assistant district chief).
Derived terms[edit]
Derived terms
See also[edit]

References[edit]


Zou[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bang

  1. wall

References[edit]

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 41