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See also: , , , , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
干-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 51 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一十 (MJ), four-corner 10400)

  1. Kangxi radical #51, ‎(dry).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 339, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9165
  • Dae Jaweon: page 645, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 405, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5E72

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
干-oracle.svg 干-bronze.svg 干-silk.svg 干-bigseal.svg 干-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a pestle.

Also borrowed phonetically as a simplification of and .

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“dry”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to do, to work”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with (OC *ɡaːns, “to shield; to protect”), (OC *ɡaːns, “gate”). Compare Tibetan འགལ་བ ‎('gal ba, to go against, to violate, to contradict), Burmese ကာ ‎(ka, shield; to shield; to block).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kan/
Li
Rong
/kɑn/
Wang
Li
/kɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gān gān gān gān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kan › ‹ kan › ‹ kan › ‹ kan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤar/ /*kˤa[r]/ /*kˤar/ /*kˤar/
English pole shield (n.) piece, item (placename)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3570
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. a shield
  2. to request, to ask
  3. to offend, to encroach on
  4. to interfere, to intervene
  5. to concern; to be implicated in; implication
  6. bank; edge of water bodies

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to dry
  2. to interfere
  3. violence

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gan, gang) (hangeul , , revised gan, gang, McCune-Reischauer kan, kang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(can, cơn, càn, cán)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.