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See also: , , , , , , and 𡕒

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
干-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
干-oracle.svg 干-bronze.svg 干-silk.svg 干-bigseal.svg 干-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a pestle.

Exists as a traditional character, and also a simplification of two traditional characters: Simplified from and .

Han character[edit]

(radical 51 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一十 (MJ), four-corner 10400)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 339, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9165
  • Dae Jaweon: page 645, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 405, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5E72

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("dry").
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("to do, to work").
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with (“to shield; to protect”), (“gate”). Compare Tibetan འགལ་བ ‎('gal ba, to go against, to violate, to contradict), Burmese ကာ ‎(ka, shield; to shield; to block).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (61)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: gān
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kan/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gān ‹ kan › /*[k]ˤar/ pole
gān ‹ kan › /*kˤa[r]/ shield (n.)
gān ‹ kan › /*kˤar/ piece, item
gān ‹ kan › /*kˤar/ (placename)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3570 1 /*kaːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. a shield
  2. to request, to ask
  3. to offend, to encroach on
  4. to interfere, to intervene
  5. to concern; to be implicated in; implication
  6. bank; edge of water bodies

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to dry
  2. to interfere
  3. violence

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gan, gang) (hangeul , , revised gan, gang, McCune-Reischauer kan, kang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(can, cơn, càn, cán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.