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U+4E73, 乳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E73

[U+4E72]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E74]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 5 +7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月木山 (BDU), four-corner 22410, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 84, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 190
  • Dae Jaweon: page 171, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 55, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E73

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
乳-oracle.svg 乳-seal.svg 乳-bigseal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*noːʔ
*njoʔ

Pictogram (象形): A woman breastfeeding a child.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəw.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • nĕng/nèng - colloquial;
  • ṳ̄ - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵɨoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵioX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑioX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵuə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵioX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑi̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyuX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*noʔ/
    English milk; nipple

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10868
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njoʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. breast; nipples
    2. milk
    3. to suckle

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ちち
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ちち, rōmaji chichi)

    1. (dated) milk
    2. breast (of a woman, of a female mammal)

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji chi)

    1. (archaic) milk
    2. (archaic) breast

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (nhũ, , nhú, nhỗ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]