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See also: and 𦜝
U+81CD, 臍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81CD

[U+81CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81CE]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
𦜝
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +14, 18 strokes, cangjie input 月卜X (BYX), four-corner 70223, composition)

  1. abdominal area of a crab
  2. navel

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zriːl
*zriːl, *ʔsliːl, *zliːl
*ʔsriːl
*ʔsleds, *ʔsliːls, *zliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl, *ʔslil
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl, *sʰliːl, *zliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːlʔ, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːlʔ, *zliːl, *zliːlʔ, *zliːls
*ʔsliːls
*zliːl, *zliːls
*zliːl
*zliːl, *zlil
*zliːl, *zliːls
*zliːlʔ, *zlil
*zliːlʔ
*zliːls
*zliːls, *ʔslel
*ʔslil

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zliːl): semantic  (meat; flesh) + phonetic  (OC *zliːl, *zliːls).

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-taj (navel; abdomen; centre; self) (Weidert, 1987; Schuessler, 2007). Cognate with Tibetan ལྟེ (lte, navel), Chepang तोय्‌ (navel).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • châi - vernacular;
  • chê - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
    • (Changsha)
      • Wiktionary: zi4 / zi2
      • Sinological IPA (key) (old-style): /t͡si⁴⁵/, /t͡si¹³/
      • Sinological IPA (key) (new-style): /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/, /t͡ɕi¹³/
  • Note:

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zei/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zei/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zɛi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zɛj/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zei/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ziei/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱiei/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzej ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[dz]ˁ[ə]j/
    English navel

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10053
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zliːl/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. navel

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 肚臍 (“navel; belly button”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 肚臍
    Mandarin Beijing 肚臍兒, 肚臍眼兒
    Taiwan 肚臍, 肚臍眼
    Tianjin 肚眼兒
    Harbin 肚臍眼兒, 肚臍子
    Hailar 肚臍眼
    Ulanhot 肚臍眼
    Tongliao 肚臍眼
    Chifeng 肚臍兒
    Bayanhot 肚母臍臍
    Jinan 脖臍, 脖臍眼兒
    Muping 閉臍, 閉臍眼子
    Luoyang 肚臍兒, 肚目臍兒
    Wanrong 不臍窩
    Xi'an 脖臍窩兒
    Qingdao 肚臍眼兒, 腹臍眼兒
    Zhengzhou 肚末臍兒
    Xining 蒲臍眼
    Xuzhou 肚眼兒, 肚眼子, 肚臍兒, 肚臍
    Yinchuan 肚母臍臍
    Lanzhou 肚母臍
    Ürümqi 肚目臍子
    Wuhan 肚臍眼
    Chengdu 肚臍兒, 肚臍眼兒
    Guiyang 肚臍眼, 一分錢 humorous
    Guilin 肚臍眼
    Liuzhou 肚臍眼, 肚臍
    Yangzhou 肚臍子
    Nanjing 肚臍眼兒
    Nantong 肚臍眼兒
    Cantonese Guangzhou 肚臍, 肚臍窿
    Hong Kong 肚臍, 肚臍窿
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 肚臍
    Foshan 肚臍
    Shunde 肚臍
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 肚臍
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 肚臍
    Taishan 肚臍
    Kaiping (Chikan) 肚臍
    Dongguan 屎肚臍, 肚臍, 屎卜臍
    Shaoguan 肚臍
    Yunfu 肚臍
    Xinyi 肚臍
    Lianjiang 肚臍
    Nanning 肚臍
    Wuzhou 肚臍
    Yulin 肚臍
    Hepu 肚臍
    Kuala Lumpur 肚臍
    Gan Nanchang 肚臍眼
    Lichuan 肚胔眼
    Pingxiang 脖子眼, 肚絲眼
    Hakka Meixian 肚臍窟
    Luchuan 肚臍眼
    Yudu 肚臍, 肚臍眼
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 肚臍, 肚臍窟
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 肚臍, 肚臍窟
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 肚臍, 肚臍窟
    Dongshi (Dabu) 肚臍, 肚臍窟
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 肚臍, 肚臍窟
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 腹臍, 腹臍窟
    Hong Kong 肚臍
    Senai 肚臍
    Huizhou Jixi 肚臍
    Jin Taiyuan 肚不臍
    Xinzhou 木臍
    Baochang 肚臍眼
    Jining 肚摸臍
    Hohhot 肚麼臍臍
    Baotou 肚摸臍
    Dongsheng 肚臍兒
    Linhe 肚臍
    Haibowan 肚部臍
    Min Bei Jian'ou 腹臍
    Dikou 腹臍
    Songxi 腹臍
    Zhenghe 腹臍
    Zhenqian 腹鹵臍
    Jianyang 腹臍
    Wuyishan 腹臍
    Shibei 腹臍
    Min Dong Fuzhou 腹臍
    Changle 腹臍
    Fuqing 腹臍
    Yongtai 腹肚臍
    Gutian 腹臍
    Fu'an 腹臍
    Ningde 腹臍
    Shouning 腹臍
    Zhouning 腹臍
    Fuding 腹臍
    Min Nan Xiamen 肚臍空, 腹臍
    Quanzhou 腹臍
    Zhangzhou 肚臍空
    Taipei 肚臍
    Kaohsiung 肚臍
    Penang 肚臍
    Pingnan (Shangdu) 肚臍
    Johor Bahru 肚臍
    Haikou 肚臍
    Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) 肚臍
    Guilin (Dahe) 肚臍眼
    Wu Shanghai 肚皮眼, 肚臍, 肚臍眼
    Suzhou 肚臍眼
    Hangzhou 肚臍眼兒
    Wenzhou 肚臍窟, 肚臍丼
    Chongming 肚皮子
    Danyang 肚臍眼, 肚皮眼
    Jinhua 肚臍, 肚臍窟窿
    Ningbo 肚臍眼
    Xiang Changsha 肚臍眼
    Loudi 肚臍眼
    Quanzhou 肚臍眼, 肚臍

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    𦜝

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form 𦜝)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: ざい (zai)
    • Kan-on: せい (sei)
    • Kun: へそ (heso, ); ほぞ (hozo, )

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    へそ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 𦜝, hiragana へそ, rōmaji heso)

    1. (anatomy) navel
    See also[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ほぞ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 𦜝, hiragana ほぞ, rōmaji hozo)

    1. (anatomy) navel

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (je) (hangeul , revised je, McCune–Reischauer che, Yale cey)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.