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See also: and
U+9F4B, 齋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F4B

[U+9F4A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F4C]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 210, +3, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜X火 (YXF), four-corner 00223, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1531, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48565
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2069, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4785, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9F4B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zriːl
*zriːl, *ʔsliːl, *zliːl
*ʔsriːl
*ʔsleds, *ʔsliːls, *zliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl, *ʔslil
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl, *sʰliːl, *zliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːlʔ, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːlʔ, *zliːl, *zliːlʔ, *zliːls
*ʔsliːls
*zliːl, *zliːls
*zliːl
*zliːl, *zlil
*zliːl, *zliːls
*zliːlʔ, *zlil
*zliːlʔ
*zliːls
*zliːls, *ʔslel
*ʔslil

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsriːl): phonetic  (OC *zliːl, *zliːls) + semantic  (god; deity).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • che - vernacular;
  • chai - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂai⁵⁵/
    Harbin /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    /ʈ͡ʂai⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sai²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂai²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡sai²¹/
    Xining /t͡sɛ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂæ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂae³¹/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂe̞²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sai¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡sæ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sɛ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡se⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡sɑ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡se̞³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡sa³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sa³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sa¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sai³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡sai³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sai⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /t͡sɑi²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sai⁵³/
    Nanning /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡se³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sai²³/
    /t͡sɛ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (33)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃˠɛi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂᵚæi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃɐi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂəɨj/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃɛi/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃɐi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂăi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhāi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhāi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsreaj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tsˁr[ə]j/
    English purify oneself

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10031
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsriːl/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (historical) to show one's piety before offering sacrifices and other ceremonies in ancient times, by abstaining from meat and alcohol, bathing oneself and clearing one's mind of distracting thoughts
    2. solemn; earnest
    3. vegetarian diet (often adopted for religious reasons)
      /   ―  chīzhāi  ―  to be a vegetarian
    4. fasting
      /   ―  zhāiyuè  ―  Ramadan
    5. (Buddhism, Taoism) religious ceremony (Classifier: c)
    6. (Cantonese) plain; dull; boring; dry
      / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 fe1 [Jyutping]  ―  black coffee
      早餐淨係麵包 [Cantonese, trad.]
      早餐净系面包 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Zou2 caan1 zing6 hai6 sik6 faai3 min6 baau1 wui5 m4 wui5 zaai1 zo2 di1 ne1? [Jyutping]
      Wouldn't it be a bit dull to just have a piece of bread for breakfast?
    7. (Cantonese) purely; only; just
      / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 ap1 [Jyutping]  ―  to just talk
      / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 tai2 m4 maai5 [Jyutping]  ―  to just browse around and not buy anything; to window-shop
    8. to give alms to monks
    9. study (room); studio
    10. house; shop; building
    11. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (vegetarian diet): 素食 (sùshí)

    Antonyms[edit]

    • (non-vegetarian): (hūn)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): さい (sai), (shi)
    • Kun: ものいみ (monoimi), つつしむ (tsutsushimu)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jae)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trai, trơi, chay, chây)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]