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U+9F4B, 齋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F4B

[U+9F4A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F4C]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 210 +3, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜X火 (YXF), four-corner 00223, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1531, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48565
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2069, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4785, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9F4B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zriːl
*zriːl, *ʔsliːl, *zliːl
*ʔsriːl
*ʔsleds, *ʔsliːls, *zliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl, *ʔslil
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl, *sʰliːl, *zliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːlʔ, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːlʔ, *zliːl, *zliːlʔ, *zliːls
*ʔsliːls
*zliːl, *zliːls
*zliːl
*zliːl, *zlil
*zliːl, *zliːls
*zliːlʔ, *zlil
*zliːlʔ
*zliːls
*zliːls, *ʔslel
*ʔslil

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsriːl): phonetic  (OC *zliːl, *zliːls) + semantic  (god; deity).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • che - vernacular;
  • chai - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂai⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡sai⁴⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂai⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sai²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂai²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡sai²¹/
Xining /t͡sɛ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sai⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂæ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂae³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂe̞²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sai¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sæ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡se⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sɑ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡se̞³³/
Wenzhou /t͡sa³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sa³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sa¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sai³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sai³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sai⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sai⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sɑi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sai⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡se³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sai²³/
/t͡sɛ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (33)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃˠɛi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂᵚæi/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɐi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂəɨj/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃɛi/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃɐi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂăi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhāi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10031
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsriːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) to show one's piety before offering sacrifices and other ceremonies in ancient times, by abstaining from meat and wine, bathing oneself and clearing one's mind of distracting thoughts
  2. solemn; earnest
  3. vegetarian diet (often adopted for religious reasons)
    /   ―  chīzhāi  ―  to be a vegetarian
  4. fasting
    /   ―  zhāiyuè  ―  Ramadan
  5. (Buddhism, Taoism) religious ceremony (Classifier: c)
  6. (Cantonese) plain; dull; boring; dry
    / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 fe1 [Jyutping]  ―  black coffee
    早餐淨係麵包 [Cantonese, trad.]
    早餐净系面包 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Zou2 caan1 zing6 hai6 sik6 faai3 min6 baau1 wui5 m4 wui5 zaai1 zo2 di1 ne1? [Jyutping]
    Wouldn't it be a bit dull to just have a piece of bread for breakfast?
  7. (Cantonese) purely; only; just
    / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 ap1 [Jyutping]  ―  to just talk
    / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 tai2 m4 maai5 [Jyutping]  ―  to just browse around and not buy anything; to window-shop
  8. to give alms to monks
  9. study (room); studio
  10. house; shop; building
  11. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (vegetarian diet): 素食 (sùshí)

Antonyms[edit]

  • (non-vegetarian): (hūn)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jae)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trai, trơi, chay, chây)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]