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U+5115, 儕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5115

[U+5114]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5116]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +14, 16 strokes, cangjie input 人卜X (OYX), four-corner 20223, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 119, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1227
  • Dae Jaweon: page 253, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 231, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5115

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zriːl
*zriːl, *ʔsliːl, *zliːl
*ʔsriːl
*ʔsleds, *ʔsliːls, *zliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl, *ʔslil
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl, *sʰliːl, *zliːls
*ʔsliːl, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːl
*ʔsliːlʔ, *ʔsliːls
*ʔsliːlʔ, *zliːl, *zliːlʔ, *zliːls
*ʔsliːls
*zliːl, *zliːls
*zliːl
*zliːl, *zlil
*zliːl, *zliːls
*zliːlʔ, *zlil
*zliːlʔ
*zliːls
*zliːls, *ʔslel
*ʔslil

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zriːl): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *zliːl, *zliːls).

Etymology 1[edit]

From (OC *zliːl, *zliːls).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: zai3 - due to confusion with .

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (20)
Final () (33)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠɛi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚæi/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɐi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐəɨj/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒɛi/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒɐi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱăi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chái
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chái
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzrɛj ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˤ<r>əj/
English category, equals

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10029
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zriːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. fellows; associates; company; companion
  2. to make (two people) become a pair; to make people marry
  3. together; with each other
  4. (Wu) all; both; completely

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Hakka)

  1. person
  2. Classifier for people.
    婦人家細人仔以外 [Hakka, trad.]
    妇人家细人仔以外 [Hakka, simp.]
    From: 現代臺灣客語譯本 (Today's Taiwan Hakka Version), 馬太福音 (Matthew) 14:21
    Sṳ̍t ke ngìn, fu-ngìn-kâ lâu se-ngìn-è yî-ngoi, yok yû ńg-chhiên . [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]
    And they that had eaten were about five thousand men, beside women and children.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Min) many”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. fellow
  2. together

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(je) (hangeul , revised je, McCune-Reischauer che)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.