Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+5747, 均
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5747

[U+5746]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5748]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
均-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土心戈一 (GPIM) or 土心一一 (GPMM), four-corner 47120, composition)

  1. equal, even, fair
  2. all, also
  3. key, pitch (in Chinese music)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 224, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4916
  • Dae Jaweon: page 459, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 425, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5747

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*skins
*skʰinʔ
*ɡʷreːn, *sqʰʷin
*qʰʷiːns
*qʰʷiːns, *ɡʷiːns, *sqʰʷin, *qʰʷjins, *ŋʷjin
*ɡʷiːn
*ɡʷiːn, *qʰʷreːŋ
迿 *ɡʷiːns, *sqʰʷins
*ɡʷiːns, *sqʰʷin
*l'iːŋ, *sqʰʷin, *sɢʷin, *ɢʷin
*sqʰʷin
*sqʰʷin
*sqʰʷin, *sɢʷin
*sqʰʷin
*sqʰʷin
*sqʰʷin
*sqʰʷin
*sqʰʷinʔ
*sqʰʷinʔ
*sɢʷin
*sɢʷins
*sɢʷins
*sɢʷins
*kʷin
*kʷin
*kʷin
*kʷin, *kʷrin
*kʷins
*ɡʷin
*ɢʷin, *ɡʷinʔ
*ɢʷin
*ɢʷins
*qʰʷreːŋ, *qʰʷreːŋs
*qʰʷreːŋ
*qʰʷreːŋ
*qʰʷreːŋ
*ɡʷeŋ
*ɡʷeŋ
*ɡʷeŋ
*sqʰʷrid

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕyn⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕyn⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕyn²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕyẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕyə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕyn²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕyẽ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕyə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕyŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕỹn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕyŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕyn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕyn⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕĩ/
Nanjing /t͡ɕyn³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕyn²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕyŋ⁵³/
/t͡ɕioŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕyən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷen³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕyʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕyan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyn³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕyn³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕyn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kiun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐn⁵³/
Nanning /kʰʷɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwɐn⁵⁵/
/kʰwɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kin²³/
/kun²³/
/xun²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kiuɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷin/
Shao
Rongfen
/kjuen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwin/
Li
Rong
/kiuĕn/
Wang
Li
/kĭuĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jūn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jūn yùn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjwin › ‹ hwinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʷi[n]/ /*[m-qʷ]<r>i[n]-s/ (no pre-Qín exx.)
English even, equal rhyme

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16403
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷin/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. gentle
  2. equalize
  3. equally

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 988
  • Halpern: 235
  • Halpern Learners: 173
  • Heisig: 160
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3b4.8
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひとし, romaji Hitoshi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyun) (hangeul , revised gyun, McCune-Reischauer kyun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.