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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
均-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土心戈一 (GPIM) or 土心一一 (GPMM), four-corner 47120, composition)

  1. equal, even, fair
  2. all, also
  3. key, pitch (in Chinese music)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 224, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4916
  • Dae Jaweon: page 459, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 425, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5747

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕyn⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕyn⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕyn²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕyẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕyə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕyn²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕyẽ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕyə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕyŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕỹn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕyŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕyn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕyn⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕĩ/
Nanjing /t͡ɕyn³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕyn²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕyŋ⁵³/
/t͡ɕioŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕyən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷen³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕyʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕyan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyn³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕyn³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕyn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kiun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐn⁵³/
Nanning /kʰʷɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwɐn⁵⁵/
/kʰwɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kin²³/
/kun²³/
/xun²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (47)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jūn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kiuɪn/ /kʷin/ /kjuen/ /kwin/ /kiuĕn/ /kĭuĕn/ /ki̯uĕn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jūn ‹ kjwin › /*C.qʷi[n]/ even, equal
yùn ‹ hwinH › /*[m-qʷ]<r>i[n]-s (no pre-Qín exx.)/ rhyme

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16403 1 /*kʷin/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. gentle
  2. equalize
  3. equally

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 988
  • Halpern: 235
  • Halpern Learners: 173
  • Heisig: 160
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3b4.8
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひとし, romaji Hitoshi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyun) (hangeul , revised gyun, McCune-Reischauer kyun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.