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U+8340, 荀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8340

[U+833F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8341]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿心日 (TPA), four-corner 44627, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1029, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30929
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1488, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3207, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8340

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:
荀姓
Wikipedia has an article on:
荀國

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
荀-seal.svg 荀-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*skins
*skʰinʔ
*ɡʷreːn, *sqʰʷin
*qʰʷiːns
*qʰʷiːns, *ɡʷiːns, *sqʰʷin, *qʰʷjins, *ŋʷjin
*ɡʷiːn
*ɡʷiːn, *qʰʷreːŋ
迿 *ɡʷiːns, *sqʰʷins
*ɡʷiːns, *sqʰʷin
*l'iːŋ, *sqʰʷin, *sɢʷin, *ɢʷin
*sqʰʷin
*sqʰʷin
*sqʰʷin, *sɢʷin
*sqʰʷin
*sqʰʷin
*sqʰʷin
*sqʰʷin
*sqʰʷinʔ
*sqʰʷinʔ
*sɢʷin
*sɢʷins
*sɢʷins
*sɢʷins
*kʷin
*kʷin
*kʷin
*kʷin, *kʷrin
*kʷins
*ɡʷin
*ɢʷin, *ɡʷinʔ
*ɢʷins
*qʰʷreːŋ, *qʰʷreːŋs
*qʰʷreːŋ
*qʰʷreːŋ
*qʰʷreːŋ
*ɡʷeŋ
*ɡʷeŋ
*ɡʷeŋ
*sqʰʷrid

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siuɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sʷin/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjuen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swin/
Li
Rong
/siuĕn/
Wang
Li
/sĭuĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯uĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xūn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xún
Middle
Chinese
‹ swin ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.qʷi[n]/
English spec. of plant; (proper name]

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16382
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sqʰʷin/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. ancient state in China
  3. type of plant
    青要之山有草焉其狀如葌而方莖黃華赤實其本如稿本名曰服之美人色 [MSC, trad.]
    青要之山有草焉其状如葌而方茎黄华赤实其本如稿本名曰服之美人色 [MSC, simp.]
    From: Classic of Mountains and Rivers, Zhongshanjing 山海經 · 中山經
    Qīngyàozhīshānyǒucǎoyān, qízhuàngrújiān, érfāngjīnghuánghuáchìshí, qíběnrúgǎoběn, míngyuēxúncǎo, fúzhīměirénsè. [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sun) (hangeul , revised sun, McCune-Reischauer sun, Yale swun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tuân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.