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See also:
U+65EC, 旬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65EC

[U+65EB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65ED]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes

(radical 72, +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 心日 (PA), four-corner 27620, composition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 489, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13746
  • Dae Jaweon: page 850, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1485, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+65EC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠣙

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
旬-oracle.svg 旬-bronze.svg 旬-silk.svg 旬-seal.svg 旬-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sɢʷin): (earthworm) + (sun/day).

The pictographic protoform of was borrowed to represent "period of days" in oracle bone script. In bronze inscriptions, the semantic component (“sun/day”) was added to this character. The phonetic component was mixed with another common semantic component (“bow down”) in Warring States period, hence the incorrect analysis in Shuowen Jiezi of this character as + .

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕyn³⁵/
Harbin /ɕyn²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕyn⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕyẽ⁴²/
/ɕyẽ⁵⁵/ 上~
Qingdao /syə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /syn⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕyẽ²⁴/
Xining /ɕyə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕyŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕỹn⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕyŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕyn²¹³/ 七~
/ɕin²¹³/ 上~
Chengdu /ɕyn³¹/
Guiyang /ɕin²¹/
Kunming /ɕĩ³¹/
Nanjing /syn²⁴/
Hefei /ɕyn⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕyŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕyŋ³⁵/
/ɕioŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /zin¹³/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷen³³/
Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕyʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /sən¹³/
Xiangtan /sən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕyn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sun¹¹/
Taoyuan /sun¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøn²¹/
Nanning /ɬɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰøn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sœyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (17)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ziuɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/zʷin/
Shao
Rongfen
/zjuen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zwin/
Li
Rong
/ziuĕn/
Wang
Li
/zĭuĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯uĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xún
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xún
Middle
Chinese
‹ zwin ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-N-qʷi[n]/
English ten-day cycle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16395
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sɢʷin/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ten-day period
  2. ten years
    老翁  ―  xún lǎowēng  ―  seventy-year-old man
  3. period of time

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. decameron; period of ten days

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(ひとし) (Hitoshi

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ziuɪn). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: syun) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 열흘 (yeolheul sun))

  1. Hanja form? of (ten-day period).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tuần)

  1. week

References[edit]