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U+590D, 复
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-590D

[U+590C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+590E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 35, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人日竹水 (OAHE), four-corner 80407, composition𭥍(GHJV) or ⿱𭥍(T))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

trad. //
simp.
覆 is simplified to 复 only in meanings of "to return/reply". In other meanings, 覆 keeps the same form.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
复-oracle.svg 复-bronze.svg 复-silk.svg 复-seal.svg 复-bigseal.svg
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Is this a pictogram (象形)? If so, what was it supposed to look like? If not, what kind of character is it?”

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/biuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buwk̚/
Li
Rong
/biuk̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-p(r)uk/
English return

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3554
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*buɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to go back

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to return; to repeat; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to repeat; to double; to overlap; again”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to cover; to tip over; etc.”).
(This character, , is the former (1964-1986) first-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Note: 覆 was always simplified to 复 in 1964-1986, but now it still simplifies to 复 only in the meaning of "to return/reply". So words like 答覆 反覆 回覆 still simplifies to 答复 反复 回复 in Simplified Chinese. But in other meanings, 覆 no longer simplifies to 复,e.g. 翻覆、覆蓋、顛覆、傾覆、覆轍.


Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 회복할 (hoebokhal bok))

Etymology 2[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 다시 (dasi bu))

same as

  1. return
  2. repeat
  3. repeatedly

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phúc), (phục), (phức)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.