Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+8986, 覆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8986

[U+8985]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8987]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 146, +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 一田竹人水 (MWHOE), four-corner 10247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1129, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34789
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1598, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2808, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8986

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. /*
alternative forms
覆 is simplified to 复 only in meanings of "to return/reply". In other meanings, 覆 keeps the same form.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Qin slip script Small seal script
覆-slip.svg 覆-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰuɡs, *buɡs, *pʰɯːɡ, *pʰuɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *buɡs, *buɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • phak - vernacular;
  • hok - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Initial () (2) (3) (2) (2)
Final () (136) (136) (4) (131)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () III III III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰɨuH/ /bɨuH/ /pʰɨuk̚/ /pʰək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰiuH/ /biuH/ /pʰiuk̚/ /pʰək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiəuH/ /biəuH/ /pʰiuk̚/ /pʰək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰuwH/ /buwH/ /pʰuwk̚/ /pʰək̚/
Li
Rong
/pʰiuH/ /biuH/ /pʰiuk̚/ /pʰək̚/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭəuH/ /bĭəuH/ /pʰĭuk̚/ /pʰək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯ə̯uH/ /bʱi̯ə̯uH/ /pʰi̯uk̚/ /pʰək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fòu fòu fu po
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fau3 fau6 fuk1 pak1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ phjuwH › ‹ phjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰ(r)uk-s/ /*pʰ(r)uk/
English cover turn over

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 3536 3540 3541 3548
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰuɡs/ /*buɡs/ /*pʰɯːɡ/ /*pʰuɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to cover
  2. to tip over
  3. to return (simplifies to )
  4. to reply (simplifies to )
  5. to overflow
  6. to capsize

Usage notes[edit]

was always simplified to in 1964-1986, but now it still simplifies to only in the meaning of "to return/reply". So words like 答覆, 反覆 and 回覆 still simplify to 答复, 反复 and 回复 in Simplified Chinese respectively. But in other meanings, no longer simplifies to , e.g. 翻覆, 覆蓋, 顛覆, 傾覆, 覆轍.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. capsizecovershademantlebe ruined

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (bok))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: phú, phủ, phúc

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.