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U+8986, 覆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8986

[U+8985]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8987]
Ufab7.svg
U+FAB7, 覆
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FAB7

[U+FAB6]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FAB8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 146, +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 一田竹人水 (MWHOE), four-corner 10247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1129, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34789
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1598, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2808, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8986

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. /*
alternative forms
覆 is simplified to 复 only in meanings of "to return/reply". In other meanings, 覆 keeps the same form.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Qin slip script Small seal script
覆-slip.svg 覆-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰuɡs, *buɡs, *pʰɯːɡ, *pʰuɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *buɡs, *buɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • phak - vernacular;
    • hok - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
    Initial () (2) (3) (2) (2)
    Final () (136) (136) (4) (131)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
    Division () III III III I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰɨuH/ /bɨuH/ /pʰɨuk̚/ /pʰək̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰiuH/ /biuH/ /pʰiuk̚/ /pʰək̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰiəuH/ /biəuH/ /pʰiuk̚/ /pʰək̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰuwH/ /buwH/ /pʰuwk̚/ /pʰək̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰiuH/ /biuH/ /pʰiuk̚/ /pʰək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰĭəuH/ /bĭəuH/ /pʰĭuk̚/ /pʰək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰi̯ə̯uH/ /bʱi̯ə̯uH/ /pʰi̯uk̚/ /pʰək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fòu fòu fu po
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    fau3 fau6 fuk1 pak1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ phjuwH › ‹ phjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰ(r)uk-s/ /*pʰ(r)uk/
    English cover turn over

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
    No. 3536 3540 3541 3548
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1 0 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰuɡs/ /*buɡs/ /*pʰɯːɡ/ /*pʰuɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to cover
    2. to tip over
    3. to return (simplifies to )
    4. to reply (simplifies to )
    5. to overflow
    6. to capsize

    Usage notes[edit]

    was always simplified to in 1964-1986, but now it still simplifies to only in the meaning of "to return/reply". So words like 答覆, 反覆 and 回覆 still simplify to 答复, 反复 and 回复 in Simplified Chinese respectively. But in other meanings, no longer simplifies to , e.g. 翻覆, 覆蓋, 顛覆, 傾覆, 覆轍.

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. capsize, cover, shade, mantle, be ruined

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (bok))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: phú, phủ, phúc

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.