pour

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: poür

English[edit]

Ice tea poured into a glass

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English pouren (to pour). Origin uncertain. Likely of Celtic origin, from Celtic base *purr- (to jerk, throw (water)). Akin to Welsh bwrw (to cast; to strike; to rain), Scottish Gaelic purr (to push, thrust, urge, drive), Irish purraim (I push, I jerk). Compare Flemish pouren (to pour) (rare).

Displaced native Middle English schenchen, schenken (to pour) (from Old English scencan (to pour out)), ȝeoten, yetten (to pour) (from Old English ġēotan (to pour)), temen (to pour out, empty) (from Old Norse tœma (to pour out, empty)), birlen (to pour, serve drink to) (from Old English byrelian (to pour, serve drink to)), hellen (to pour, pour out) (from Old Norse hella (to pour out, incline)).

Verb[edit]

pour (third-person singular simple present pours, present participle pouring, simple past and past participle poured)

  1. (transitive) To cause to flow in a stream, as a liquid or anything flowing like a liquid, either out of a vessel or into it.
    to pour water from a pail
    to pour wine into a decanter
    to pour oil upon the waters
    to pour out sand or dust.
  2. (transitive) To send forth as in a stream or a flood; to emit; to let escape freely or wholly.
  3. (transitive) To send forth from, as in a stream; to discharge uninterruptedly.
    • A. Pope
      Is it for thee the linnet pours his throat?
  4. (intransitive) To flow, pass or issue in a stream; to fall continuously and abundantly
    the rain poured down.
  5. (intransitive) to move in a throng, as a crowd
    • Gay
      In the rude throng pour on with furious pace.
    • 2011 January 8, Chris Bevan, “Arsenal 1-1 Leeds”, in BBC:
      In a breathless finish Arsenal poured forward looking for a winner but Leeds held out for a deserved replay after Bendtner wastefully fired wide and Schmeichel acrobatically kept out Denilson's rasping effort
    The people poured out of the theater.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[edit]

pour (plural pours)

  1. The act of pouring.
    The bartender's inexpert pour left me with a pint of beer that was half foam.
  2. Something, or an amount, poured.
    • 2003, John Brian Newman, B. S. Choo, Advanced concrete technology: Volume 2
      Over this time period, the first concrete pour has not only lost workability but has started to set so that it is no longer affected by the action of a vibrator.
  3. (colloquial) A stream, or something like a stream; especially a flood of precipitation.
    • 1831, Susan Ferrier, Destiny; or, the Chief's Daughter[1], page 84:
      Then, as if to give the lie to the offensive insinuation, he mounted his horse, and rode home ten miles in a pour of rain, without a great coat or umbrella.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

pour

  1. Misspelling of pore.

Anagrams[edit]


Alemannic German[edit]

Noun[edit]

pour

  1. (Issime) farmer

References[edit]

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French por, from Latin pro.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pour

  1. for (when followed by a noun or pronoun)
    J'ai un cadeau pour toi.
    I've got a gift for you.
  2. to (when followed by a verb at the infinitive)
    Je veux chanter pour te faire revenir.
    I want to sing to make you come back.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French por, pur.

Preposition[edit]

pour

  1. for (indicates an intended aim or recipient)
    • 1488, Jean Dupré, Lancelot du Lac, page 41:
      Dieu le scet que ie ne le faisoye se non pour bien & pour Dieu & pour franchise avoir
      God knows that I did for good, for God and to have freedom

Descendants[edit]


Norman[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French por, from Latin pro.

Preposition[edit]

pour

  1. (Guernsey) for
  2. (Guernsey) in order to

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (peasant, farmer): pur (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Puter), paur (Vallader)
  • (pawn): pur (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Puter, Vallader)

Etymology[edit]

Of Germanic origin, cognate with German Bauer, Dutch boer.

Noun[edit]

pour m (plural pours)

  1. (Surmiran) peasant, farmer
  2. (Surmiran, chess) pawn