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Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly from Middle Low German schink, schinke, schenke (leg; shank; shin bone; ham), from Old Saxon skinka, from Proto-West Germanic *skinkō (shank; thigh; that which is bent), from Proto-Germanic *skinkô, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)keng- (to limp; to be crooked, slant).

The word is cognate with Danish skinke (ham), Middle Dutch schenke, schinke (shin; hough; ham), Icelandic skinka (ham), Norwegian skinke (ham), Old English ġesċincio, ġesċinco (kidney fat), Old High German skinka, skinko (shank; shin bone) (Middle High German schinke (shank; shin bone; ham), modern German Schinken (ham; pork from the hindquarters)), Old Saxon skinka (ham), Old Swedish skinke (modern Swedish skinka (ham)).[1]


skink (plural skinks)

  1. (Scotland, Northern England) A shin of beef.
    lean sirloin, skink and pot-roast
  2. (chiefly Scotland, obsolete) A soup or pottage made from a boiled shin of beef.
    • 1623, Francis Bacon, Historia Vitae et Mortis:
      For there are in the Flesh , Bones , Skinnes , organs , and the severall limbes of the living body : such spirits as are in the Flesh , Bone , and Skinke , beeing separated
  3. (chiefly Scotland, by extension) Usually preceded by a descriptive word: a soup or pottage made using other ingredients.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle French scinc, from Latin scincus, from Ancient Greek σκίγγος (skíngos), σκίγκος (skínkos).

A skink among flowers in South Africa


skink (plural skinks)

  1. A lizard of the family Scincidae, having small or reduced limbs or none at all and long tails that are regenerated when shed; a sandfish.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English skinken, skynken, skenken, from Middle Dutch scinken, scenken, schenken and/or Old Norse skenkja, both from Proto-Germanic *skankijaną. Cognate with German schenken (to give as a present), Dutch schenken (to pour, give as a present). See also the inherited doublet shink.


skink (third-person singular simple present skinks, present participle skinking, simple past and past participle skinked)

  1. (transitive, intransitive, Scotland) To serve (a drink).
    • 1640 November 20 (date licensed, Gregorian calendar; published 1652), James Shirley, “The Imposture”, in William Gifford and Alexander Dyce, editors, The Dramatic Works and Poems of James Shirley, [], volume V, London: John Murray, [], published 1833, →OCLC, Act V, scene i, page 246:
      Such wine as Ganymede doth skink to Jove, / When he invites the gods to feast with him / On Juno's wedding-day.
    • 1900, Theophrastus, “Of Foulness”, in [anonymous], transl., edited by David J[osiah] Brewer, Edward A. Allen, and William Schuyler, The World’s Best Essays from the Earliest Period to the Present Time [], royal edition, volume X, St. Louis, Mo.: Ferd[inand] P. Kaiser, →OCLC, page 3769:
      [W]hile he would spit beyond the table, he all-to-bespawleth him who skinketh at the feast.
  2. (transitive, Scotland, Northern England, obsolete) To give (something) as a present.


skink (plural skinks)

  1. (obsolete) A drink.


  1. ^ skink, n.2”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, September 2009.




Borrowed from English skink, from Middle French scinc, from Latin scincus, from Ancient Greek σκίγγος (skíngos), σκίγκος (skínkos).



skink m (plural skinken, diminutive skinkje n)

  1. A skink, any lizard of the family Scincidae

Derived terms[edit]