dökmek

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Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish دوكمك (dökmek, to pour, throw away, spill, scatter, cast), from Proto-Turkic *dök-mek (to pour out).[1]

Cognate with Karakhanid تُکـْماكْ (tökmēk, to pour, shed, scatter), Old Uyghur [script needed] (tök-, to pour out), Azeri tökmək (to pour), Bashkir түгеү (tügew, to pour), Chuvash тӑкма (tăkma, to pour), Kazakh төгу (tögw, to pour), Khakas тӧгерге (tӧgerge, to pour), Kyrgyz төгүү (tögüü, to pour), Turkmen dökmek (to pour), Tuvan төгер (tögär, to pour), Uyghur تۆكمەك (tökmek, to pour out), Uzbek toʻkmoq (to pour), Yakut тох (tox, to pour, spill, throw out).

Verb[edit]

dökmek (third-person singular simple present döker)

  1. (transitive) to pour, pour out
    Çayına süt döktü.He poured milk into his tea.
  2. (transitive) to spill, shed
    Dengesini yitirince sütü döktü.When he lost his balance he spilt the milk.
  3. (transitive) to throw out, empty (a container)
    Çöpü döktü.He threw out the garbage.
  4. (transitive) to scatter
    Oyuncaklarını ortalığa döktü.He scattered his toys around the house.
  5. (transitive) to reveal, tell, pour out
  6. (transitive) to shed, drop off
  7. (transitive) to pour into a mold; to cast
    Demir döktü.He cast iron.
  8. (transitive) to spend a lot of money on, spend freely
  9. (transitive) to fail (the majority of students in a class)

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*dök-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill