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See also:
U+8C7A, 豺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C7A

[U+8C79]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C7B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 153, +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月竹木竹 (BHDH), four-corner 24200, composition)

  1. dhole
  2. ravenous beast

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1200, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36500
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1662, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3908, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8C7A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

The sense "jackal" has arisen because of the unfamiliarity of most modern Chinese speakers with dholes, since wild dholes are now very uncommon in China, and media featuring jackals is far more common than media featuring dholes. Most modern Chinese speakers are only familiar with 豺 as a wild canid that is neither a fox nor a wolf. The commonly accepted name for "jackal" is 胡狼 (húláng).

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zraː, *zraːʔ, *ʔsrɯ, *zrɯ
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *zlɯːs
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *ʔslɯ
*zlɯːʔ, *zlɯːs
*zrɯː

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • châi/chhâi - literary;
  • siâ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (20)
Final () (33)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠɛi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚæi/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɐi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐəɨj/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒɛi/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒɐi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱăi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chái
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chái
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzreaj ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˁrə/
English wolf

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1066
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zrɯː/

Definitions[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
  1. dhole (Cuon alpinus)
      ―  cháiláng  ―  dhole
      ―  cháishǔ  ―  dhole
  2. jackal
  3. cruel; wicked; mean

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(si) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: sài ((sàng)(giai)(thiết))[1][2][3][4]
: Nôm readings: sài[1][3][5], rài[4][5]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]