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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72FC
Code point U+72FC
Entity number 狼
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72FB] [U+72FD]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
狼-bigseal.svg 狼-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *raːŋ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *raŋ).

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 大竹戈日女 (KHIAV), four-corner 43232, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 712, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20432
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1124, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1350, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+72FC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Cantonese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia yue

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/laŋ/
Li
Rong
/lɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/lɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
láng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
láng
Middle
Chinese
‹ lang ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˤaŋ/
English wolf

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8019
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raːŋ/
Notes 𤜪

Noun[edit]

  1. wolf   (Classifier: m; m; m)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. wolf

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おおかみ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

/opokami//oɸokami//owokami//oːkami/

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of ‎(opo, modern ō, great) +‎ ‎(kami, god, spirit).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(counter , hiragana おおかみ, katakana オオカミ, romaji ōkami, historical hiragana おほかみ)

  1. wolf; Canis lupus
    • 794, Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki
      狐狼 上扈反, 倭言岐都禰, 又狐諼獸鬼所乘有三徳, 狐疑不定也, 狼音良, 訓, 似犬也, 倭言大神
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 7, page 56:
      犲狼 [...] 説文云、狼、音郎、於保加美、和名二字、本草和名、犲皮、和名於保加美、雄略紀、豺狼二字同訓、貝原氏曰、狼、於保加美 [...]
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 18, page 17: (Shinpukuji manuscript)
      犲狼: 兼名苑云狼一名犲音於説文云狼音即和名於保加美似犬而銃頭白頬者也爾雅注云獥音叫狼子也
    • c. 1177-1188: Iroha Jiruishō
      狼(オホカミ)
    • 1444: Kagakushū (Volume 13)
      狼(ヲヽカミ)

Etymology 2[edit]

Alteration from ōkami above. Appears in the Kamakura period.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おおかめ, romaji ōkame, historical hiragana おほかめ)

  1. wolf; Canis lupus
    • 1593: Esopono fabulas (Aesop's Fables), "Vôcameto, fitcujino tatoyeno coto"
      Aru cauabatani vôcamemo, fitcujimo mizzuuo nomuni, [...]
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 697)
      Vôcame. ヲゥカメ (狼) 狼.
    • 1632: Diego Collado, Dictionarium Sive Thesauri Linguae Iaponicae Compendium, p. 75
      Lupus, i: lobo: yàmàinu. vel, vocame:

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(rang, nang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: rang, nang, McCune-Reischauer: rang, nang, Yale: lang, nang)
  1. (이리 랑, iri-): wolf

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lang, lừa)

  1. wolf

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chữ Nôm.
  • This character is not used on its own in chữ Nôm. The definition "wolf" is purely morphemic.

References[edit]