Sirius

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Sīrius, from Ancient Greek Σείριος (Seírios), usually taken from σείριος (seírios, scorching; scorcher).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Sirius

  1. (astronomy) A binary star system in the constellation Canis Major
  2. (astronomy) A white main sequence star, the primary star of the star system, the only star of the pair that is visible to the naked eye. Long understood as a single extremely luminous white star, it was associated in ancient Egypt with the Nile flood and in Greek and Roman culture with the "dog days" of summer.

Synonyms[edit]

Primary star of the binary star
Binary star system

Hypernyms[edit]

Binary star system
Primary star of the binary star system

Hyponyms[edit]

(Binary star system):

white main sequence star
white dwarf star

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Sirius m

  1. A male given name.

Usage notes[edit]

Patronymics

  • son of Sirius: Siriusarson or Siriusson
  • daughter of Sirius: Siriusardóttir or Siriusdóttir

Declension[edit]

Singular
Indefinite
Nominative Sirius
Accusative Sirius
Dative Siriusi
Genitive Siriusar

German[edit]

German Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia de

Proper noun[edit]

Sirius m (genitive Sirius)

  1. (astronomy) Sirius

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek Σείριος (Seírios, Seirios), from σείριος (seírios, scorching, destructive)

Proper noun[edit]

Sīrius m sg (genitive Sīriī or Sīrī); second declension

  1. (astronomy) Sirius

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Sīrius
Genitive Sīriī
Sīrī1
Dative Sīriō
Accusative Sīrium
Ablative Sīriō
Vocative Sīrī

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sirius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Sirius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Sirius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette