Σείριος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Assuming an original meaning "sparkling, flickering", the word has been connected with σείω (seíō, to shake), which is compared to a verb "to be excited, sparkle, gleam" in Sanskrit त्विष् (tviṣ, brilliance, glitter), त्वेष (tveṣa, vehement; brilliant) and especially Avestan 𐬚𐬡𐬌𐬯𐬭𐬀(θβisra, glitter). The basis for the Greek form would then be *tweys-ro- or *twis-ro-. Furnée compares τίριος (tírios, Cretan word for summer); if correct the word could be Pre-Greek.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Proper noun[edit]

Σείρῐος (Seíriosm (genitive Σειρίου); second declension

  1. Sirius, the dog star.

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN