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U+8C79, 豹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C79

[U+8C78]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C7A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 153, +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月竹心戈 (BHPI), four-corner 27220, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1199, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36499
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1662, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3908, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8C79

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
豹-oracle.svg 豹-bronze.svg 豹-seal.svg 豹-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *preːwɢs): semantic (beast; creature) + phonetic (OC *pljewɢ, *bljewɢ). Pictogram (象形) in the oracle bone script.

Etymology[edit]

Exopassive derivative of (OC *praːwɢ, “piebald (horse)”), literally "the spotted one"; ultimately from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *bruk (piebald; speckled) (Schuessler, 2007; STEDT).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: baau3 - rare.
Note:
  • pà - vernacular;
  • pàu - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pˠauH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pᵚauH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pauH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /paɨwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /pauH/
    Wang
    Li
    /pauH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pauH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bào
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    baau3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    bào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ paewH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pˁr[e]wk-s/
    English leopard

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11175
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*preːwɢs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. leopard; panther
    2. (more specifically) leopard (Panthera pardus)
    3. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Zhuang: beuq

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひょう
    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi
    Wikipedia-logo.png
     ヒョウ on Japanese Wikipedia

    From Middle Chinese (paewH).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ひょう) (hyōへう (feu)?

    1. a leopard (a large wild cat with a spotted coat, Panthera pardus)

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC pˠauH). Recorded as Middle Korean 표〮 (phyó) (Yale: phyo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 표범 (pyobeom pyo))

    1. Hanja form? of (leopard; panther).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Hán tự in this term

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: báo, beo, bươu

    1. chữ Hán form of báo (spotted big cat).
    2. Nôm form of beo (spotted big cat).