海豹

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Chinese[edit]

ocean; sea leopard; panther
simp. and trad.
(海豹)
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Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

海豹

  1. earless seal (Classifier: m)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
海豹 (azarashi): a true seal, an earless seal.
Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Etymology 1[edit]

Originally a compound of Old Japanese elements (aza, bruise) +‎ (ra, lots of, a pluralizer) +‎ (shi, beast, especially one used for meat). The bruise meaning was in reference to the spotted coat.

The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 海豹 (literally sea leopard).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

海豹 (hiragana あざらし, katakana アザラシ, rōmaji azarashi)

  1. a seal, specifically the earless seal or true seal
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as アザラシ.

Note the distinction between 海豹 (azarashi) for seal, which has no external ear flaps, and 海驢 (ashika) for sea lion, which does have external ear flaps.

Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 2
ひょう
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

/kaipeu//kaifeu//kaiheu//kaihjoː/

From Middle Chinese 海豹 (/hʌiX pˠauH/ invalid IPA characters (XH), literally sea + leopard).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

海豹 (hiragana かいひょう, rōmaji kaihyō, historical hiragana かいへう)

  1. a seal, specifically the earless seal or true seal
Usage notes[edit]

The kaihyō reading appears to be much less common than azarashi above.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0