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See also: 绿 and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified 绿

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火女弓水 (VFVNE), four-corner 27932, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 926, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27541
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1363, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 5, page 3422, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7DA0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. 绿
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *roɡ): semantic  + phonetic 

Etymology[edit]

Starostin derives this from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *rwak ‎(leaf), and cites Tibetan ཁྲོག་པོ ‎(khrog po, botanical term used of leaves standing round the stem scattered or alternately), Burmese ရွက် ‎(rwak), အရွက် ‎(a.rwak, leaf) as cognates. Compare also Kinnauri rāgʻ ‎(blue, green).

Cognate with (“name of a plant of uncertain species”). In modern times this character gave rise to (“chlorine”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ly⁵¹/
Harbin /ly⁵³/
Tianjin /luei⁵³/
/ly⁵³/
Jinan /ly²¹/
Qingdao /ly⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ly²⁴/
/ly⁴²/
Xi'an /liou²¹/
Xining /liɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /lu¹³/
/ly¹³/
Lanzhou /lu¹³/
Ürümqi /ly²¹³/
Wuhan /nəu²¹³/
Chengdu /nu³¹/
Guiyang /nu²¹/
Kunming /lu³¹/
Nanjing /luʔ⁵/
Hefei /luəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəʔ²/
Pingyao /luʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /luəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /loʔ¹/
Suzhou /loʔ³/
Hangzhou /loʔ²/
Wenzhou /lo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /lu²²/
Tunxi /liu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ləu²⁴/
Xiangtan /nəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /liuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /liuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lok̚²/
Nanning /luk̚²²/
Hong Kong /luk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
/lik̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lok̚⁵/
/liak̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (8)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: lv
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɨok̚/ /liok̚/ /liok̚/ /luawk̚/ /liok̚/ /lĭwok̚/ /li̯wok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ljowk › /*pə.rok/ light blue or green

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8554 0 /*roɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. green
    / 绿  ―    ―  green (color)
  2. to become green
  3. healthy; environmentally friendly
  4. green leaves
  5. green field
  6. Original form of .
  7. Alternative form of (“name of a plant”).

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. green (literary reading preserved in certain proper nouns)
    / 绿  ―  jiāng  ―  Yalu River
    / 绿  ―  lín  ―  forest outlaws
  2. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. the color green

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みどり, romaji Midori)

  1. A female given name.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(rok>nok) (hangeul >, McCune-Reischauer rok>nok, Yale lok>nok)

  1. blue, green

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lục, luốc)

  1. green

References[edit]