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See also: 绿 and
U+7DA0, 綠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7DA0

[U+7D9F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7DA1]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified 绿

Han character[edit]

(radical 120, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火女弓水 (VFVNE), four-corner 27932, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 926, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27541
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1363, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 5, page 3422, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7DA0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. 绿
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*proːɡ
*kroːɡ, *roːɡ
祿 *roːɡ
*roːɡ, *roɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ, *roɡ
*roːɡ
*roːɡ, *roɡ
*b·roːɡ
*roːɡ, *roɡ
*roːɡ
*roɡ
*roɡ
*roɡ
*roɡ
*roɡ
*roɡ
*roɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *roɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *b·roːɡ).

Etymology[edit]

Starostin derives this from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *rwak (leaf), and cites Tibetan ཁྲོག་པོ (khrog po, botanical term used of leaves standing round the stem scattered or alternately), Burmese ရွက် (rwak), အရွက် (a.rwak, leaf) as cognates. Compare also Kinnauri rāgʻ (blue, green).

Cognate with (“name of a plant of uncertain species”). In modern times this character gave rise to (“chlorine”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: lù - literary reading preserved in certain proper nouns (鴨綠江, 綠林).
Note:
  • liŏh - vernacular;
  • lṳ̆k - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • le̍k/lia̍k - vernacular;
    • lio̍k - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ly⁵¹/
    Harbin /ly⁵³/
    Tianjin /luei⁵³/
    /ly⁵³/
    Jinan /ly²¹/
    Qingdao /ly⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ly²⁴/
    /ly⁴²/
    Xi'an /liou²¹/
    Xining /liɯ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /lu¹³/
    /ly¹³/
    Lanzhou /lu¹³/
    Ürümqi /ly²¹³/
    Wuhan /nəu²¹³/
    Chengdu /nu³¹/
    Guiyang /nu²¹/
    Kunming /lu³¹/
    Nanjing /luʔ⁵/
    Hefei /luəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /luəʔ²/
    Pingyao /luʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /luəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /loʔ¹/
    Suzhou /loʔ³/
    Hangzhou /loʔ²/
    Wenzhou /lo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /lu²²/
    Tunxi /liu¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ləu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /nəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /liuʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /liuk̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /liuk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lok̚²/
    Nanning /luk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /luk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
    /lik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luoʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lok̚⁵/
    /liak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (8)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨok̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liok̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liok̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /luawk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /liok̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭwok̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯wok̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljowk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pə.rok/
    English light blue or green

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8554
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*roɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. green
      / 绿  ―    ―  green (color)
    2. to become green
    3. healthy; environmentally friendly
    4. green leaves
    5. green field
    6. Original form of .
    7. Alternative form of (, “name of a plant”).
    8. (symbolic) Islam(ic); Muslim
      / 绿  ―  jiào  ―  (slang) Islam
    9. (politics) related to the pro-independence pan-Green coalition of Taiwan
    10. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. the color green

    Readings[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana みどり, rōmaji Midori)

    1. A female given name.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (rok>nok) (hangeul >, McCune–Reischauer rok>nok, Yale lok>nok)

    1. blue, green

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lục, luốc)

    1. green

    References[edit]