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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人月金弓 (OBCN), four-corner 22200, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 111, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 897
  • Dae Jaweon: page 238, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 189, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5074

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
/t͡sai⁴⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂai⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂei²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰə⁵⁵/
/ʈ͡ʂʰe⁵⁵/
/ʈ͡ʂe⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡sei²¹/ ~棱子睡
/t͡sʰei²¹/ ~面
Xining /t͡sʰɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰə¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰe³¹/
/t͡se³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sɛ²¹/ ~边
/t͡sʰɛ²¹/ ~起过
Kunming /t͡sʰə³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡sʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡sʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/ ~楞
/t͡sʰaʔ⁴³/ ~面
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
/t͡səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰe²¹³/
/t͡se²¹³/
/t͡sei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰa⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sə²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡set̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡set̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sɐk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰaiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɛ²⁴/
/t͡sʰɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚⁵/
/sɔk̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (18)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɨk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂi̯ək̚/ /t͡ʃiək̚/ /ʈ͡ʂɨk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂik̚/ /t͡ʃĭək̚/ /t͡ʃiek̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tsrik › /*[ts]rək/ slanting, oblique; side

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16600 0 /*ʔsrɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. side
  2. to incline, slant, lean

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
がわ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がわ, romaji gawa, historical hiragana がは)

  1. side

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
そば
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana そば, romaji soba)

  1. vicinity, near, beside

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
かわ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かわ, romaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

  1. side

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
はた
Grade: 4
Irregular

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はた, romaji hata)

  1. vicinity

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
かたわら
Grade: 4
Irregular

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かたわら, romaji katawara, historical hiragana かたはら)

  1. side

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cheuk) (hangeul , revised cheuk, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŭk)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trắc, trắt, trặc)

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