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See also:
U+5074, 側
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5074

[U+5073]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5075]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人月金弓 (OBCN), four-corner 22200, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 111, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 897
  • Dae Jaweon: page 238, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 189, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5074

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰrɯɡs, *sʰrɯɡ
*ʔsɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*ʔsrɯɡ
*ʔsrɯɡ, *zrɯɡ
*sʰrɯɡ
*sʰrɯɡ
*zrɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsrɯɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ʔsɯːɡ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • cháik - “side”;
  • cáik - “to lean to one side”.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhiak/chhek - literary;
    • chhak - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰɤ⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
    /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    /ʈ͡ʂai⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂei²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡sʰə⁵⁵/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰe⁵⁵/
    /ʈ͡ʂe⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡sei²¹/ ~棱子睡
    /t͡sʰei²¹/ ~面
    Xining /t͡sʰɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡sʰə¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰe³¹/
    /t͡se³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sɛ²¹/ ~邊
    /t͡sʰɛ²¹/ ~起過
    Kunming /t͡sʰə³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡sʰɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰaʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡sʰʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/ ~楞
    /t͡sʰaʔ⁴³/ ~面
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
    /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰe²¹³/
    /t͡se²¹³/
    /t͡sei²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰa⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡sæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡set̚¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡set̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
    Nanning /t͡sɐk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰaiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɛ²⁴/
    /t͡sʰɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚⁵/
    /sɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃiek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃiək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂi̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhe
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsrik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]rək/
    English slanting, oblique; side

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16600
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsrɯɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. side
    2. to lean to one side; to incline; to slant

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“slanting; oblique; narrow; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    がわ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana がわ, rōmaji gawa, historical hiragana がは)

    1. side

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    そば
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana そば, rōmaji soba)

    1. vicinity, near, beside
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かわ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かわ, rōmaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

    1. side

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    はた
    Grade: 4
    Irregular

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はた, rōmaji hata)

    1. vicinity

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かたわら
    Grade: 4
    Irregular

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かたわら, rōmaji katawara, historical hiragana かたはら)

    1. side

    Etymology 6[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    そく
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    Middle Chinese

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (hiragana そく, rōmaji soku)

    1. side
    Derived terms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana そく, rōmaji soku)

    1. the first of the Eight Principles of Yong
    Hypernyms[edit]
    Coordinate terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (cheuk) (hangeul , revised cheuk, McCune–Reischauer ch'ŭk)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trắc, trắt, trặc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.