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See also: and
U+8CCA, 賊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CCA

[U+8CC9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CCB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 154, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月金戈十 (BCIJ), four-corner 63850, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1208, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36759
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1672, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3637, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8CCA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
賊-bronze.svg 賊-silk.svg 賊-seal.svg 賊-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰrɯɡs, *sʰrɯɡ
*ʔsɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*zɯːɡ
*ʔsrɯɡ
*ʔsrɯɡ, *zrɯɡ
*sʰrɯɡ
*sʰrɯɡ
*zrɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zɯːɡ): phonetic  (OC *ʔsɯːɡ) + semantic  (weapon).

This was misinterpreted as a compound of (“money”) and (“weapon”) to produce the modern form.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chha̍t - vernacular;
  • cha̍t - vernacular (limited to 墨賊);
  • che̍k/chia̍k - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡sei³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡sei²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sei⁴⁵/
    /t͡sɤ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /t͡sei⁴²/
    Qingdao /t͡se⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡suei⁴²/
    /t͡sei⁴²/
    Xi'an /t͡sei²⁴/
    Xining /t͡sɨ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡sei⁵³/
    Lanzhou /t͡sei⁵³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sei⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡suei³¹/
    /t͡se³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡suei²¹/
    Kunming /t͡sei³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡suəi²⁴/
    /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡se⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sei¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡sʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /t͡sɛ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /zəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ze²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰe²²/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sei²⁴/
    /t͡sʰə⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɛʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰet̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰet̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰak̚²/
    Nanning /t͡sʰɐk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰak̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sik̚⁵/
    /t͡sʰat̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɛiʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰɛ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰak̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (131)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zək̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zək̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zək̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zək̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16596
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zɯːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. thief
    2. bandit; robber
    3. traitor
    4. (dialectal) very

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 小偷 (“(petty) thief”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 小偷竊賊
    Mandarin Beijing 小偷兒
    Taiwan 小偷
    Tianjin 小偷兒
    Jinan 小偷兒
    Xi'an 賊娃子
    Wuhan 強徒小偷
    Chengdu 賊娃子
    Yangzhou 小偷強盜
    Hefei 小偷小賊
    Cantonese Guangzhou 鼠摸賊仔
    Hong Kong 賊仔
    Taishan 鼠摸
    Yangjiang 鼠賊
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian 賊牯賊仔
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 賊仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 賊仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 賊仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 賊仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou 賊囝
    Min Nan Xiamen 賊仔鼠賊
    Quanzhou 賊仔鼠賊
    Zhangzhou 賊仔鼠賊佬賊仔
    Taipei 賊仔
    Kaohsiung 勍仔
    Tainan 賊仔
    Taichung 賊仔
    Hsinchu 賊仔
    Lukang 賊仔
    Sanxia 賊仔
    Yilan 勍仔
    Kinmen 鼠賊仔
    Magong
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila) 賊仔
    Chaozhou 鼠賊囝
    Wu Suzhou 賊骨頭小賊
    Wenzhou 小偷兒
    Xiang Changsha 賊老倌賊牯子
    Shuangfeng 賊牯子

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    ぞく
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese .

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぞく, rōmaji zoku)

    1. thief
    2. rebel

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeok) (hangeul , revised jeok, McCune–Reischauer chŏk, Yale cek)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tặc, giặc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.