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See also: traïtor
- traitour (obsolete)
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈtɹeɪtə(ɹ)/
- (US) enPR: trā′tər, IPA(key): /ˈtɹeɪtɚ/, [ˈtʰɹeɪɾɚ]
- Homophone: trader (in dialects with flapping)
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -eɪtə(ɹ)
traitor (plural traitors)
- Someone who violates an allegiance and betrays their country; someone guilty of treason; one who, in breach of trust, delivers their country to an enemy, or yields up any fort or place entrusted to their defense, or surrenders an army or body of troops to the enemy, unless when vanquished.
- 1595 December 9 (first known performance), [William Shakespeare], The Tragedie of King Richard the Second. […] (First Quarto), London: […] Valentine Simmes for Androw Wise, […], published 1597, OCLC 213833262, [Act IV, scene i]:
- My Lord of Hereford here whom you call King, / Is a foule traitour to proud Herefords King, / And if you crowne him let me propheſie, / The bloud of Engliſh ſhall manure the ground, / And future ages groane for this foule act, [...]
- Someone who takes arms and levies war against their country; or one who aids an enemy in conquering their country.
- (by extension) One who betrays a confidence or trust.
- (all senses): Benedict Arnold (US), Quisling, Judas
- (one who betrays a trust): betrayer, fink, snake, snake in the grass
one who violates allegiance and betrays one's country
act the traitor toward
- French: traître
- Norman: traître (Jersey)
- Walloon: traite
- → Middle English: traytour, traitour, traitor