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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女女火 (VVF), four-corner 22809, composition)

  1. calamity, disaster, catastrophe

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 666, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18879
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1075, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2190, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+707D

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(simplified , Jyutping zoi1, Yale joi1)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
さい
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(tsoj, calamity).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さい, romaji sai)

  1. an act of God, a disaster, a calamity
Usage notes[edit]

Seldom used on its own. Most often used in compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
わざわい
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

/wazapapi//wazaɸaɸi//wazawahi//wazawai/

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of ‎(waza, deed, doings), in reference to the doings of the ‎(kami, gods, spirits) + 這い ‎(hai, spreading widely, literally crawling).[1] Compare the etymology of (sakiwai, “good fortune”). Compare also the connotations of the English term act of God in reference to disasters.

Often spelled 災い with the trailing okurigana to make the reading more explicit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana わざわい, romaji wazawai, historical hiragana わざはい)

  1. an act of God, a disaster, a calamity
Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jae) (hangeul , revised jae, McCune-Reischauer chae, Yale cay)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(simplified , Pinyin zāi (zai1), Wade-Giles tsai1)

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Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

災 (tzəi)

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Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(TLPA tsai (tsai1), tse (tse1))

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References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tai)

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