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See also: and
U+707D, 災
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-707D

[U+707C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+707E]
災 U+2F918, 災
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F918
灊
[U+2F917]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 灷
[U+2F919]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

(radical 86, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女女火 (VVF), four-corner 22809, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 666, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18879
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1075, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2190, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+707D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • che/cher - vernacular;
  • chai - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Harbin /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sai²¹/
    Jinan /t͡sɛ²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡sɛ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /t͡sai²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡sai²¹/
    Xining /t͡sɛ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡sɛ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /t͡sɛ³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    Kunming /t͡sæ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /t͡sae³¹/
    Hefei /t͡se̞²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sai¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡sæ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sɛ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡se⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡se̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡se̞³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡se³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sai³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡sai³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sai⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /t͡sɑi²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɔi⁵³/
    Nanning /t͡sɔi⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sɔi⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    /t͡se⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡suɛ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sai³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sai²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (41)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʌi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡səi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sɒi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡səj/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sᴀi/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sɒi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sɑ̆i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zāi
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zoi1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zāi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsoj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ˁə/
    English calamity

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16487
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔslɯː/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. calamity; disaster; catastrophe
    2. stricken; disaster-affected; disaster-afflicted

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    さい
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (tsoj, calamity).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (さい) (sai

    1. an act of God, a disaster, a calamity
    Usage notes[edit]

    Seldom used on its own. Most often used in compounds.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    わざわい
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    /wazapapi//wazaɸaɸi//wazawahi//wazawai/

    From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (waza, deed, doings), in reference to the doings of the (kami, gods, spirits) + 這い (hai, spreading widely, literally crawling).[1] Compare the etymology of (sakiwai, “good fortune”). Compare also the connotations of the English term act of God in reference to disasters.

    Often spelled 災い with the trailing okurigana to make the reading more explicit.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (わざわい) (wazawaiわざはひ (wazafafi)?

    1. an act of God, a disaster, a calamity
    Idioms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 재앙 (jaeang jae))

    1. Hanja form? of (disaster).

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: tai

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.