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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(strength) + phonetic  – exert one’s strength.

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女水大尸 (VEKS), four-corner 47427, composition)

  1. to exert, strive, make an effort
  2. to pout

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 146, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2314
  • Dae Jaweon: page 331, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 369, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+52AA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (8)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nuoX/ /nuoX/ /noX/ /nuoX/ /nɔX/ /nuX/ /noX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9606 0 /*naːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. work, toil

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
つとむ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Nominalization of the classical Japanese verb 努む ‎(tsutomu) (modern 努める ‎(tsutomeru, to work, to toil)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つとむ, romaji Tsutomu)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(no) (hangeul , revised no, McCune-Reischauer no)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nỗ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.