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See also: in ure


Alternative forms[edit]


From in- +‎ ure (practise, exercise).


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪˈnjʊə/, /ɪˈnjɔː/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪˈnjʊɹ/
  • (file)


inure (third-person singular simple present inures, present participle inuring, simple past and past participle inured)

  1. (transitive) To cause someone to become accustomed to something that requires prolonged or repeated tolerance of one or more unpleasantries. [from 16th c.]
    Synonyms: habituate, harden, toughen
    • 1612, Michael Drayton, Poly-Olbion song 12 p. 196[1]:
      Matcht with as valiant men, and of as cleane a might,
      As skilfull to commaund, and as inur’d to fight.
    • 1912: Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes, Chapter 6
      To none of these evidences of a fearful tragedy of a long dead day did little Tarzan give but passing heed. His wild jungle life had inured him to the sight of dead and dying animals, and had he known that he was looking upon the remains of his own father and mother he would have been no more greatly moved.
    • 1951, Geoffrey Chaucer; Nevill Coghill, transl., The Canterbury Tales: Translated into Modern English (Penguin Classics), Penguin Books, published 1977, page 465:
      Your insults to myself can be endured, / I am a philosopher and am inured. / But there are insults that I will not swallow / That you have levelled at our gods.
    • 1996, Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World
      As Tom Paine warned, inuring us to lies lays the groundwork for many other evils.
    • 2005, Tony Judt, “Culture Wars”, in Postwar: A history of Europe since 1945, London: Vintage Books, published 2010, →ISBN:
      Young people all across the continent were inured to a level of public brutality, in words and actions, that would have shocked their nineteenth-century forebears.
  2. (intransitive, chiefly law) To take effect, to be operative. [from 16th c.]
    Jim buys a beach house that includes the right to travel across the neighbor's property to get to the water. That right of way is said, cryptically, "to inure to the benefit of Jim".
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To commit.


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.






  1. second-person singular present active imperative of inūrō