Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+8477, 葷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8477

[U+8476]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8478]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿月十十 (TBJJ), four-corner 44506, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1046, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31461
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1508, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3257, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8477

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
葷-seal.svg 葷-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰul
*qʰul
*qʰul
*qʰul
*qʰul, *ɡuːn, *ɡuːnʔ
*qʰul, *ɡuːn
*qʰul
*qʰons, *ɢuns
*kuːn
*kuːn, *ɢuns
*kuːnʔ, *ɡuːnʔ, *ɢuns
*kuːns, *ɡuːnʔ
*kuːns
*ŋɡuːn
*ŋɡuːn, *ŋɡuːns, *ɡuːn
*ŋɡuːns
*ɡuːn, *ɢuns
*ɡuːn, *ɡuːnʔ
*ɡuːn
*ɡuːn
*ɡuːn
*ɡuːnʔ
*kun
*kun, *kuns
*ŋɡunʔ
*ŋɡunʔ
*qʰun
*qunʔ
*qunʔ
*ɢuns
*ɢuns
*ɢuns

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hun/
Li
Rong
/xiuən/
Wang
Li
/xĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xūn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰu[n]/
English Allium

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7338
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰun/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Buddhism) strong-smelling vegetables, such as spring onion, garlic and garlic chives
  2. meat or fish dishes (as opposed to vegetarian dishes)
  3. (figuratively) low-class; obscene; vulgar; dirty

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 葷粥荤粥 and 葷鬻荤鬻.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. strong smelling
  2. strong smelling vegetable, esp. garlic, onion, Chinese chives (Allium tuberosum), Chinese scallion (Allium chinense), Allium macrostemon (Japanese garlic)
  3. meat diet

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): くん (kun), ぐん (gun)
  • Kun: なまぐさ (namagusa)

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hun) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer hun, Yale hwun)

  1. meat diet
  2. strong smelling

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(huân, hôi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.