bum

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See also: bủm and bụm

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

1387, Unknown, but possibly Old Irish, Scottish Gaelic bun (base, bottom)

Noun[edit]

bum (plural bums)

  1. The buttocks.
    Okay, everyone sit on your bum and try and touch your toes.
  2. (UK, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, informal, rare, Canada, US) The anus.
  3. (by metonymy, informal) A person.
Quotations[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • In the United States and Canada, bum is considered the most appropriate term when speaking to young children, as in Everyone please sit on your bum and we'll read a story. For older children and teenagers, especially males, as well as adults, the term butt is the most common term except in professional contexts such as medical, legal, and scientific where buttocks is generally used or gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, etc. for the muscles specifically. Glutes is often used in sports medicine and bodybuilding. Ass (US derivation of Old English arse) is considered somewhat vulgar in North America, while backside, behind, and bottom are considered to be old-fashioned and non-specific terms.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bum (third-person singular simple present bums, present participle bumming, simple past and past participle bummed)

  1. (UK, transitive, colloquial) To sodomize; to engage in anal sex.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

1864, Back-formation from bummer., from German Bummler (loafer), from bummeln (loaf)

Noun[edit]

bum (plural bums)

  1. (North America, colloquial) A hobo; a homeless person, usually a man.
  2. (North America, Australia, colloquial) A lazy, incompetent, or annoying person, usually a man.
    Fred is becoming a bum - he's not even bothering to work more than once a month.
    That mechanic's a bum - he couldn't fix a yo-yo.
    That guy keeps interrupting the concert. Throw the bum out!
  3. (North America, Australia, colloquial, sports) A player or racer who often performs poorly.
    Trade him to another team, he's a bum!
  4. (colloquial) A drinking spree.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bum (third-person singular simple present bums, present participle bumming, simple past and past participle bummed)

  1. (transitive, colloquial) To ask someone to give one (something) for free; to beg for something.
    Can I bum a cigarette off you?
  2. (intransitive, colloquial) To behave like a hobo or vagabond; to loiter.
    I think I'll just bum around downtown for awhile until dinner.
  3. (transitive, slang, UK) To wet the end of a marijuana cigarette (spliff).
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bum (comparative bummer, superlative bummest)

  1. Of poor quality or highly undesirable.
    bum note
  2. Unfair.
    bum deal
  3. Injured and without the possibility of full repair, defective.
    I can't play football anymore on account of my bum knee.
  4. Unpleasant.
    He had a bum trip on that mescaline.
Quotations[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
  • (defective): duff (UK)
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Back-formation from bum out.

Verb[edit]

bum (third-person singular simple present bums, present participle bumming, simple past and past participle bummed)

  1. To depress; to make unhappy.

References[edit]

  • bum” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Etymology 4[edit]

See boom.

Noun[edit]

bum (plural bums)

  1. (dated) A humming noise.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)

Verb[edit]

bum (third-person singular simple present bums, present participle bumming, simple past and past participle bummed)

  1. (intransitive) To make a murmuring or humming sound.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Jamieson to this entry?)

Etymology 5[edit]

Abbreviations.

Noun[edit]

bum (plural bums)

  1. (obsolete) A bumbailiff.
    • 1705, Bernard Mandeville, The Fable of the Bees:
      About her Chariot, and behind, / Were Sergeants, Bums of every kind, / Tip-staffs, and all those Officers, / That squeeze a Living out of Tears.

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

bum ?

  1. (economics) boom

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

bum m (genitive bum, nominative plural bumanna)

  1. (sailing) boom

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bum bhum mbum
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

bum

  1. rafsi of bumru.

Mizo[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bum

  1. swindle
  2. cheat
  3. trick

Portuguese[edit]

Interjection[edit]

bum!

  1. boom (sound of explosion)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Verb[edit]

bum

  1. (Kajkavian) first-person singular future form of biti.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Interjection[edit]

bum

  1. boom

Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bum (plural bums)

  1. act of building

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /bɪm/

Cardinal number[edit]

bum

  1. Mutated form of pum (five).

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
pum bum mhum phum