hum

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See also: Hum, húm, and hùm

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English hommen (make a murmuring sound to cover embarrassment) later hummen (to buzz, drone) (c.1420); akin to Dutch hommel (bumblebee), Middle High German hummen (to hum), probably ultimately of imitative origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hum (plural hums)

  1. A hummed tune, i.e. created orally with lips closed.
  2. An often indistinct sound resembling human humming.
    They could hear a hum coming from the kitchen, and found the dishwasher on.
    • Shakespeare
      the shard-borne beetle with his drowsy hums
  3. Busy activity, like the buzz of a beehive.
  4. (Britain, slang) unpleasant odour.
  5. (dated) An imposition or hoax; humbug.
  6. (obsolete) A kind of strong drink.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Beaumont and Fletcher to this entry?)
  7. A phenomenon, or collection of phenomena, involving widespread reports of a persistent and invasive low-frequency humming, rumbling, or droning noise not audible to all people.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg The Hum on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Verb[edit]

hum (third-person singular simple present hums, present participle humming, simple past and past participle hummed)

  1. (intransitive) To make a sound from the vocal chords without pronouncing any real words, with one's lips closed.
    We are humming happily along with the music.
  2. (transitive) To express by humming.
    to hum a tune
    The team ominously hummed “We shall overcome” as they came back onto the field after the break.
  3. (intransitive) To drone like certain insects naturally do in motion, or sounding similarly
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room Chapter 2
      A slight gloom fell upon the table. Jacob was helping himself to jam; the postman was talking to Rebecca in the kitchen; there was a bee humming at the yellow flower which nodded at the open window.
  4. (intransitive) To buzz, be busily active like a beehive
    The streets were humming with activity.
  5. (intransitive) To produce low sounds which blend continuously
  6. (Britain) To reek, smell bad.
    This room really hums — have you ever tried spring cleaning, mate?
  7. (Britain) To deceive, or impose on one by some story or device.
  8. (transitive, dated, slang) To flatter by approving; to cajole; to impose on; to humbug.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

hum

  1. hmm; an inarticulate sound uttered in a pause of speech implying doubt and deliberation.
    • 1890, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Sign of the Four
      “'Hum!' said he. 'A fifth share! That is not very tempting.'
      “'It would come to fifty thousand apiece,' said I.

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Maybe from Proto-Indo-European *skew- (to cover, conceal)

Noun[edit]

hum m (indefinite plural humi, definite singular huma)

  1. rough sea

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

jocular abbreviation of humeur (cfr.)

Noun[edit]

hum n (plural hummen, diminutive hummetje n)

  1. (good) mood

Etymology 2[edit]

onomatopoeia

Alternative forms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

hum!

  1. uttering to attract attention, without literal meaning

Ngamo[edit]

Noun[edit]

hùm

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Takács, Gábor (1999-2008) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, ISBN 9789004115385, page 201:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Ngamo hùm [Schuh], []

Portuguese[edit]

Article[edit]

hum m (plural huns, feminine huma, feminine plural humas)

  1. Obsolete spelling of um

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *xъlmъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hȗm m (Cyrillic spelling ху̑м)

  1. hillock
  2. barrow, tumulus (mound of earth raised over a grave)
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown origin.

Noun[edit]

hum f (Cyrillic spelling хум)

  1. (obsolete) arrogance
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • hum” in Hrvatski jezični portal