hem

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See also: Hem, hẻm, 'hem, and hem-

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A sound uttered in imitation of clearing the throat (onomatopoeia)

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

hem

  1. Used to fill in the gap of a pause with a vocalized sound.

Noun[edit]

hem (plural hems)

  1. An utterance or sound of the voice like "hem", often indicative of hesitation or doubt, sometimes used to call attention.
    • (Can we date this quote by Spectator and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      his morning hems

Verb[edit]

hem (third-person singular simple present hems, present participle hemming, simple past and past participle hemmed)

  1. To make the sound expressed by the word hem; to hesitate in speaking.
    • (Can we date this quote by Shakespeare and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Hem, and stroke thy beard.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English hem, hemm, in turn from Old English hemm and related to Middle High German hemmen (to hem in), Old Norse hemja (to hem in, restrain). The Proto-Indo-European root gave rise also to Armenian քամել (kʿamel, to press, wring) and Russian ком (kom, lump).

The verb is from Middle English hemmen, from Old English *hemman, from Proto-Germanic *hamjaną, or alternatively derived from the noun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

A stitched hem
Drawing of a sheet metal hem

hem (plural hems)

  1. (sewing) The border of an article of clothing doubled back and stitched together to finish the edge and prevent it from fraying.
  2. A rim or margin of something.
    • (Can we date this quote by Shakespeare and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      hem of the sea
  3. In sheet metal design, a rim or edge folded back on itself to create a smooth edge and to increase strength or rigidity.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

hem (third-person singular simple present hems, present participle hemming, simple past and past participle hemmed)

  1. (intransitive) (in sewing) To make a hem.
  2. (transitive): To put hem on an article of clothing, to edge or put a border on something.
  3. (transitive): To surround something or someone in a confining way.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English hem, from Old English heom (them, dative), originally a dative plural form but in Middle English coming to serve as an accusative plural as well. More at 'em.

Pronoun[edit]

hem

  1. Obsolete form of 'em.
    • (Can we date this quote by William Caxton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      And wente to the kinge and to the queene, and said to hem with a glad cheer.
    • (Can we date this quote by William Caxton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      For eyther of hem mayntened.
    • (Can we date this quote by M. Nisbet and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      He prayis hem to lyue releg[ious] lyff[is] and to luk waraly for the cummyng of the lord.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Florio and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      ‘What thinke you of this English, tel me I pray you.’ ‘It is a language that wyl do you good in England but passe Dover, it is woorth nothing.’ ‘Is it not used then in other countreyes?’ ‘No sir, with whom wyl you that they speake?’ ‘With English marchants.’ ‘English marchantes, when they are out of England, it liketh hem not, and they doo not speake it.
    • (Can we date this quote by Edmund Spenser and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Tho to the greene wood they speeden hem all.
    • (Can we date this quote by Ben Jonson and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Except we make hem such.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Marston and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      They go forth on Holydays and gather hem by the seashore.
    • (Can we date this quote by Andrew Marvell and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The mayor and alderman or any six of hem.

Anagrams[edit]


Bislama[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English him.

Pronoun[edit]

hem

  1. Third person singular pronoun:
    1. he; she
    2. him; her
    3. his; her
    4. his; hers

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

hem

  1. first-person plural present indicative form of haver

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch hem, from Old Dutch himo, from Proto-Germanic *himmai.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hem

  1. (personal) Third-person singular, masculine, objective: him.
    Stuur dat maar naar hem.
    Send that to him.
  2. (personal) The tagger in a game of tag: it.

Inflection[edit]



Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hem n (genitive singular hems, nominative plural hem)

  1. thin layer of ice
    Synonym: skæni

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

hem (weak)

  1. first-person singular present indicative of hemja
  2. second-person singular imperative of hemja

Kurdish[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

hem

  1. and

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

hem

  1. eh?, well well! (expressing surprise)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • hem in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hem in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch himo, from Proto-Germanic *himmai.

Pronoun[edit]

hem

  1. accusative/dative of hi
  2. dative of het

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Dutch hin, from Proto-Germanic *himaz.

Pronoun[edit]

hem

  1. accusative/dative of si (they)

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English heom, from Proto-Germanic *himaz, masculine and neuter dative plural of *hiz.

Pronoun[edit]

hem (nominative he)

  1. Third-person plural accusative pronoun: them
    • 14th c. Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales. General Prologue: 9–11.
      And smale foweles maken melodye, / That slepen al the nyght with open eye- / (So priketh hem Nature in hir corages);
      And many little birds make melody / That sleep through all the night with open eye / (So Nature pricks them on to ramp and rage)
    • 1407, The Testimony of William Thorpe, pages 40–41
      And with alle these men I was ofte homli and I comownede with hem long tyme and fele, and so bifore alle othir men I chees wilfulli to be enformed bi hem and of hem, and speciali of Wiclef himsilf, as of the moost vertuous and goodlich wise man that I herde of owhere either knew.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. (reflexive) themselves
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: 'em, hem
  • Yola: aam

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English hemm. See English hem for more.

Noun[edit]

hem

  1. hem (edge of cloth or garment)
  2. edge, boundary
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hem

  1. Alternative form of him (him)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

hem

  1. imperative of hemme

Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *haim, from Proto-Germanic *haimaz.

Noun[edit]

hēm ?

  1. home, house
  2. hamlet

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hēm”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Pijin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English him

Pronoun[edit]

hem

  1. he/she/it (third-person singular pronoun)
    • 1988, Geoffrey Miles White, Bikfala faet: olketa Solomon Aelanda rimembarem Wol Wo Tu[1], page 75:
      Bihaen hemi finisim skul blong hem, hemi go minista long sios long ples blong hem long 'Areo.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

See also[edit]

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Portuguese[edit]

Interjection[edit]

hem

  1. Rare form of hein.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse heim < heimr, from Proto-Germanic *haimaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

hem

  1. home; to one's home
    Det är dags att gå hem.
    It is time to go home.

Noun[edit]

hem n

  1. a home; one's dwelling place, as in a house or a more general geographical place; the abiding place of the affections.
  2. a home; an institution

Declension[edit]

Declension of hem 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hem hemmet hem hemmen
Genitive hems hemmets hems hemmens

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Persian هم(ham).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

hem

  1. and also

Conjunction[edit]

hem

  1. both; and
    Hem bu hem şuBoth this one and that one