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See also: here's


Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁ro- ‎(derelict). Cognate with Ancient Greek χήρα ‎(khḗra, widow)


hērēs c ‎(genitive hērēdis); third declension

  1. heir, heiress


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative hērēs hērēdēs
genitive hērēdis hērēdum
dative hērēdī hērēdibus
accusative hērēdem hērēdēs
ablative hērēde hērēdibus
vocative hērēs hērēdēs

Derived terms[edit]


  • Aragonese: hereu
  • Catalan: hereu
  • French, Old: eir
    • → Middle English: heir
    • French: hoir
    • → Middle Irish: eigre (see there for further descendants)


  • heres” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • heres” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to appoint some one as heir in one's will: aliquem heredem testamento scribere, facere
    • to be some one's heir: heredem esse alicui
    • sole heir; heir to three-quarters of the estate: heres ex asse, ex dodrante
    • heir to two-thirds of the property: heres ex besse
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill