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See also: þͤ
- Romanization of 𐌸𐌴
From Old English þē (“the; he”), a late variant of sē, the þ- from the oblique stem replacing the earlier s-, which occurred in the nominative singular masculine and feminine only.
- (stressed) IPA(key): /θeː/, /ðeː/
- (unstressed) IPA(key): /ðɛ/, /ði/, /ð/
- (after /t/, /d/, especially early) IPA(key): /teː/, /tɛ/
- 1420, The British Museum Additional MS, 12,056, “Wounds complicated by the Dislocation of a Bone”, in Robert von Fleischhacker, editor, Lanfranc's "Science of cirurgie.", London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co, translation of original by Lanfranc of Milan, published 1894, →ISBN, page 63:
- Ne take noon hede to brynge togidere þe parties of þe boon þat is to-broken or dislocate, til viij. daies ben goon in þe wyntir, & v. in þe somer; for þanne it schal make quytture, and be sikir from swellynge; & þanne brynge togidere þe brynkis eiþer þe disiuncture after þe techynge þat schal be seid in þe chapitle of algebra.
- Don't bring the two pieces of the bone that is broken or dislocated together until 8 days have passed if it's winter or 5 days if it's summer; otherwise it will make pus and be sicker from swelling. After the time has passed bring together the pieces or the dislocation according to the teaching that shall be said in the chapter entitled Algebra.
- 1431, A rem' that William Baker, Pewtrer, & John Hetheman [made] the first day of May, þe ȝere of kynge herry þe vje, after þe conquest xe. — Henry Littlehales (editor), The Medieval Records of a London City Church, page 26.
From Old English þē (“you, thee”), accusative and dative form of þū.
- (stressed) IPA(key): /θeː/, /ðeː/
- (unstressed) IPA(key): /ðɛ/, /ði/
- (after /t/) IPA(key): /teː/, /tɛ/
þe (nominative þou)
Middle English personal pronouns
|singular||1st-person||I, ich, ik||me||min
1Used preconsonantally or before h.
2Early or dialectal.
3Dual pronouns are only sporadically found in Early Middle English; after that, they are replaced by plural forms. There are no third-person dual forms in Middle English.
4Sometimes used as a formal 2nd-person singular.
- Alternative form of þei (“they”)
- Alternative form of theen
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Brink, Daniel (1992), “Variation between <þ-> and <t-> in the Ormulum”, in Irmengard Rauch, Gerald F. Carr and Robert L. Kyes, editors, On Germanic Linguistics: Issues and Methods (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs; 68), De Gruyter Mouton, →DOI, →ISBN, pages 21-35.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Thurber, Beverly A. (15 February 2011), “Voicing of Initial Interdental Fricatives in Early Middle English Function Words”, in Journal of Germanic Linguistics, volume 23, issue 1, Cambridge University Press, →DOI, pages 65-81.
- ^ “thẹ̄̆, def. art.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “the, pron.(2).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 5 May 2018.
From Proto-Germanic *þa, from Proto-Indo-European *tó.
þe (indeclinable, relative)
- that, who, which
- Ne fyrhteð þa þe on synnum lyfiað. ― Do not fear those who live in sin. (Ælfwine's Prayerbook)
From Proto-Germanic *þiz.
- accusative/dative of þū: you
- Originally only dative/instrumental. The Anglian dialects have retained the inherited accusative form, þec.
- English: thee
From earlier sē, through influence of the þ- forms.
- Gothic non-lemma forms
- Gothic romanizations
- Middle English terms inherited from Old English
- Middle English terms derived from Old English
- Middle English terms with IPA pronunciation
- Middle English lemmas
- Middle English articles
- Middle English terms with quotations
- Middle English pronouns
- Middle English personal pronouns
- Middle English verbs
- Old English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic
- Old English terms derived from Proto-Germanic
- Old English terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European
- Old English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- Old English terms with IPA pronunciation
- Old English lemmas
- Old English particles
- Old English terms with quotations
- Old English non-lemma forms
- Old English pronoun forms
- Old English articles