kakak

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See also: kakák

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ka.kaʔ/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧kak

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay kakak (older sister), from Classical Malay kakak, from Proto-Malayic *kakaʔ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaka, from Proto-Austronesian *kaka.

Noun[edit]

kakak (plural kakak-kakak, first-person possessive kakakku, second-person possessive kakakmu, third-person possessive kakaknya)

  1. (literally or figuratively, formal) older sibling
  2. (literally or figuratively, chiefly Sumatra and Kalimantan) older sister
  3. (literally or figuratively, chiefly Jakarta and Java) older brother
  4. a form of address to a older person (same generation or one generation before)
  5. (chiefly Jakarta) a form of address to the husband in a marriage or marital relationship
Usage notes[edit]
  • In common situations, kakak may be used to address older sibling (brothers or sisters, gender neutral). But, in area with Malay as native language, kakak is only used to address older sisters, as in Standard Malay kakak.
  • In formal situations (e.g. to address a customer) kakak may be used to address someone with impression she/he is not 'old person' (youthful nuance).
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeic, compare to Tagalog kakak.

Root[edit]

kakak

  1. quack, cluck
  2. laugh
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Javanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kakak

  1. Romanization of ꦏꦏꦏ꧀.

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *kakaʔ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaka, from Proto-Austronesian *kaka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kakak (Jawi spelling کاکق‎, plural kakak-kakak, informal 1st possessive kakakku, impolite 2nd possessive kakakmu, 3rd possessive kakaknya)

  1. sister (older woman or girl having the same parents)
  2. (rare) sibling (older person who shares same parents)
  3. (rare) brother (older male sibling)
  4. term of address for a female acquaintance who is a bit older

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Noun[edit]

kakak

  1. cackle or cackling of a hen, duck, etc.

Related terms[edit]