kakak

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See also: kakák

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay kakak

Noun[edit]

kakak (plural, first-person possessive kakakku, second-person possessive kakakmu, third-person possessive kakaknya)

  1. (literally or figurative, chiefly Sumatra and Kalimantan) older sister
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Min Nan 哥哥.

Noun[edit]

kakak (plural, first-person possessive kakakku, second-person possessive kakakmu, third-person possessive kakaknya)

  1. (literally or figurative, chiefly Jakarta) older brother
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Combination from etymology 1 and 2.

Noun[edit]

kakak (plural, first-person possessive kakakku, second-person possessive kakakmu, third-person possessive kakaknya)

  1. (literally or figurative, formal) older sibling

Usage notes[edit]

  • In formal or common situations kakak may be used to address older brothers or older sisters (see etymology 3). But, in area with Malay as native language, kakak is only used to address older sisters (see etymology 1).

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *kakaʔ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaka, from Proto-Austronesian *kaka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kakak (Jawi spelling کاکق‎, plural kakak-kakak, informal 1st possessive kakakku, impolite 2nd possessive kakakmu, 3rd possessive kakaknya)

  1. sister (older woman or girl having the same parents)
  2. (rare) sibling (older person who shares same parents)
  3. (rare) brother (older male sibling)
  4. term of address for a female acquaintance who is a bit older

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Noun[edit]

kakak

  1. cackle or cackling of a hen, duck, etc.

Related terms[edit]