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U+5320, 匠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5320

[U+531F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5321]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 22, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹一中 (SHML), four-corner 71712, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 153, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2605
  • Dae Jaweon: page 345, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 83, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5320

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
匠-slip.svg 匠-seal.svg 匠-bigseal.svg

Traditionally thought to be an ideogrammic compound (會意): (box) + (axe) (e.g. Shuowen).

In more recent scholarship (e.g. Zhengzhang, 2003; Baxter and Sagart, 2014), an alternative glyph origin has been proposed, suggesting that it is a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sbaŋs): phonetic (OC *paŋ) + semantic (axe).

Etymology[edit]

Several etymologies have been proposed:

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiūⁿ/chhiōⁿ - vernacular;
  • chhiōng/chhiāng/chiōng - literary.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: ciên7 / cion7 / ziang6
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tshiēⁿ / tshiōⁿ / tsiăng
    • Sinological IPA (key): /t͡sʰĩẽ¹¹/, /t͡sʰĩõ¹¹/, /t͡siaŋ³⁵/
Note:
  • ciên7/cion7 - vernacular (ciên7 - Chaozhou);
  • ziang6 - literary.
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zɨɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ziɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ziɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zɨaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ziaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zĭaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱi̯aŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiàng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zoeng6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiàng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzjangH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s.baŋ-s/
    English craftsman

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6268
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sbaŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. craftsman; artisan; workman
    2. master

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Southwestern Tai: *ɟaːŋᴮ (artisan)
    • Zhuang: cangh (someone in a particular profession)

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たくみ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    たくみ
    [noun] , : workman, artisan, mechanic, carpenter
    [noun] , : craft, skill; means, idea
    [verb] stem or continuative form of たくむ (takumu) [godan]
    [proper noun] , , 拓巳, 拓光, 卓実: A male given name
    Alternative spellings
    , , 巧み, , 拓巳, 拓光, 卓実
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (たくみ) (Takumi

    1. A male given name

    References[edit]



    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC d͡zɨɐŋH). Recorded as Middle Korean 쟈ᇰ〯 (Yale: cyang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 장인 (jang-in jang))

    1. Hanja form? of (craftsman, artisan).
      Synonym: ( (gong))

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: tượng

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.