Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+BC15, 박
HANGUL SYLLABLE BAG
Composition: + +

[U+BC14]
Hangul Syllables
[U+BC16]




미 ←→ 배

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Korean Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ko

First attested in the Gugeupganibang eonhae (救急簡易方諺解 / 구급간이방언해), 1489, as Middle Korean 박〮 (Yale: pák).

However, the twelfth-century history Samguk sagi's explanation of the surname 박(朴) (bak), given below, reveals that the word was used at least as early as 1145, and (if the Sagi's account is to be believed) as early as the first century B.C.E.

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bak
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bag
McCune–Reischauer?pak
Yale Romanization?pak
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 에 /

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable, unless it is 에.

Noun[edit]

(bak)

  1. gourd, calabash
  2. gourd shell (used as a bottle, dipper, etc.)
  3. (vulgar) head
    Synonym: (more common) 대가리 (daegari)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Korean Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ko
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Modern Korean reading of Hanja .

According to the Samguk sagi, a history written in 1145, the surname was chosen because the legendary founder of the lineage was born from an egg as big as a calabash. Hence the word is the same as "calabash" above.[1] However, some modern scholars have instead seen a connection to ᄇᆞᆰ (Yale: pòlk-, “to be bright”), whence modern 밝다 (bakda).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?Bak
Revised Romanization (translit.)?Bag
McCune–Reischauer?Pak
Yale Romanization?pak

Proper noun[edit]

(Bak) (hanja )

  1. a surname from Old Korean. The first royal surname of the kingdom of Silla, hence the oldest Korean surname in widespread use; the third most common surname among Koreans today.
Usage notes[edit]
  • The surname is usually romanized as Park, although this only works faithfully in a non-rhotic (e.g., British) accent.

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (to pat; classifier for beats).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bak
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bag
McCune–Reischauer?pak
Yale Romanization?pak

Noun[edit]

(bak) (hanja )

  1. (music) beat
    Synonym: 박자(拍子) (bakja)
  2. (historical, music) bak, an instrument in court music
Usage notes[edit]
  • 박(拍) (bak) is more common as a classifier for counting beats, and 박자(拍子) (bakja) is more common when referring to the concept of beats.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Ablaut/harmonic pair
Yin-form (beok)
Yang-form (bak)
Consonant set
Plain (bak)
Intensive (ppak)
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bak
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bag
McCune–Reischauer?pak
Yale Romanization?pak

Ideophone[edit]

(bak)

  1. Conveys the sound of scratching.
  2. Conveys the sound of tearing of paper or fabric.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (to stay). Compare Japanese (はく) (haku).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bak
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bag
McCune–Reischauer?pak
Yale Romanization?pak

Counter[edit]

(bak) (hanja )

  1. nights stayed (in a journey, a trip)
    1 2il-bak i-il[a trip of] one night and two days; a trip beginning on a morning and ending on the next day's evening
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Probably a Sino-Korean word from (to gamble).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bak
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bag
McCune–Reischauer?pak
Yale Romanization?pak

Noun[edit]

(bak)

  1. (uncommon, idiomatic) being the banker or dealer in gambling; the banker or dealer
    쥐다bag-eul jwidato become the dealer

Counter[edit]

(bak)

  1. (uncommon, idiomatic) unit of money spent during a round of gambling
    먹다han bak meokdato win a round of gambling

Etymology 7[edit]

Probably a Sino-Korean word from (to strike).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bak
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bag
McCune–Reischauer?pak
Yale Romanization?pak

Noun[edit]

(bak)

  1. (rare) criticism
    Synonym: 타박 (tabak)

Etymology 8[edit]

Of native Korean origin. Probably from the verb 박다 (bakda, to insert, to block).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bak
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bag
McCune–Reischauer?pak
Yale Romanization?pak

Noun[edit]

(bak)

  1. (rare) item used to stop leakage in the planks of a (traditional) ship

Etymology 9[edit]

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(bak)

Extended content
  1. : to knock; to beat; to tap
    (eumhun reading: 두드릴 (dudeuril bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pɨoH, pʰwɑk̚, pwɑk̚))
  2. : to stay; to remain
    (eumhun reading: 머무를 (meomureul bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bwɑk̚))
  3. : to clap; beat or rhythm
    (eumhun reading: (chil bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pʰˠæk̚))
  4. : to hit, to have sex
    (eumhun reading: (chil bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pʰuk̚))
  5. : to persecute
    (eumhun reading: 핍박할 (pipbakhal bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pˠæk̚))
  6. : naïve and innocent
    (eumhun reading: 숟도욀 (sutdooel bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pʰˠʌk̚))
  7. : wide; broad; spacious
    (eumhun reading: 넓을 (neolbeul bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  8. : slim; thin
    (eumhun reading: 엷다 (yeolda bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bwɑk̚))
  9. : amber
    (eumhun reading: 호박 (hobak bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pʰˠæk̚))
  10. : to hit; to strike; to punch
    (eumhun reading: (chil bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pʰuk̚))
  11. : unrefined precious stone
    (eumhun reading: 옥돌 (okdol bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pʰˠʌk̚))
  12. : gilt, gold leaf, platinum
    (eumhun reading: 금박 (geumbak bak))
    (MC reading: )
  13. : vessel; ship
    (eumhun reading: (bae bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bˠæk̚))
  14. : to remove; to peel; to strip
    (eumhun reading: 벗길 (beotgil bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pˠʌk̚))
  15. : simple; naïve; innocent
    (eumhun reading: 순박할 (sunbakhal bak))
    (MC reading: (MC buo, buk̚, puk̚, pʰˠʌk̚))
  16. : reed screen; foil
    (eumhun reading: (bal bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bwɑk̚))
  17. : lees; dreg; sediment
    (eumhun reading: 지게미 (jigemi bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pʰwɑk̚))
  18. : to tie
    (eumhun reading: 얽을 (eolgeul bak))
    (MC reading: (MC buɑH, bʉɐk̚))
  19. : upperarm and forearm
    (eumhun reading: 팔뚝 (palttuk bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pʰwɑk̚))
  20. : hail
    (eumhun reading: 우박 (ubak bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bˠʌk̚))
  21. : to refute; to rebut
    (eumhun reading: 논박할 (nonbakhal bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pˠʌk̚))
  22. : placename in ancient China
    (eumhun reading: 땅이름 (ttang'ireum bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bwɑk̚))
  23. : a large-scale wooden building, roofed over a pillar, and one after another.
    (eumhun reading: 두공 (dugong bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚, bˠiæk̚, bˠɛk̚))
  24. : a gable
    (eumhun reading: 박공 (bakgong bak))
    (MC reading: )
  25. : a type of bell
    (eumhun reading: (jong bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  26. : to refute, rebut
    (eumhun reading: 논박할 (nonbakhal bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pˠʌk̚))
  27. : the shoulder joint and bone
    (eumhun reading: 어깻죽지뼈 (eokkaetjukjippyeo bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  28. : to chew
    (eumhun reading: 씹을 (ssibeul bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  29. : to persecute
    (eumhun reading: 핍박할 (pipbakhal bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pˠæk̚, pʰˠæk̚))
  30. : rat, mouse
    (eumhun reading: (jwi bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  31. : to mix
    (eumhun reading: 뒤섞일 (dwiseokkil bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bwɑk̚))
  32. : rhyme
    (eumhun reading: 박,운 (bak,un bak))
    (MC reading: )
  33. : the name of a beast
    (eumhun reading: 짐승의 이름 (jimseung'ui ireum bak))
    (MC reading: )
  34. : the sound of a blast
    (eumhun reading: 뿜는 소리 (ppumneun sori bak))
    (MC reading: )
  35. : Alternative form of
    (eumhun reading: 나무 빽빽할 (namu ppaekppaekhal bak))
    (MC reading: )
  36. : Alternative form of
    (eumhun reading: 두드릴 (dudeuril bak))
    (MC reading: )
  37. : to explode, dry
    (eumhun reading: 말릴 (mallil bak))
    (MC reading: )
  38. : a shooting star, meteor
    (eumhun reading: 별똥 (byeolttong bak))
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨɐk̚))
  39. : to hit, strike
    (eumhun reading: (chil bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bˠʌk̚, pʰˠʌk̚))
  40. : skin and bones, thin, bare
    (eumhun reading: 앙상할 (angsanghal bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bɑuH, buk̚))
  41. : to sear; scorch
    (eumhun reading: 지질 (jijil bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pˠauH, pˠʌk̚, pwɑk̚))
  42. : to vent one's anger
    (eumhun reading: 역정 낼 (yeokjeong nael bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pˠʌk̚))
  43. : embroidered collar
    (eumhun reading: 수놓은 깃 (sunoeun git bak))
    (MC reading: (MC puok̚, pwɑk̚))
  44. : stuffy
    (eumhun reading: 답답할 (dapdaphal bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bˠʌk̚))
  45. : a tillar, sprout
    (eumhun reading: (um bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bˠʌk̚))
  46. : a Japanese ginger sprout
    (eumhun reading: 양하 (yangha bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pʰwɑk̚))
  47. : the sound of a kick
    (eumhun reading: 차는 소리 (chaneun sori bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pˠʌk̚))
  48. : dark
    (eumhun reading: 어두울 (eoduul bak))
    (MC reading: (MC buok̚))
  49. : Alternative form of
    (eumhun reading: 금박 (geumbak bak))
    (MC reading: )
  50. : Alternative form of
    (eumhun reading: 논박할 (nonbakhal bak))
    (MC reading: )
  51. : big bell
    (eumhun reading: 큰 종 (keun jong bak))
    (MC reading: )
  52. : the sound of a crash
    (eumhun reading: 부딪히는 소리 (budichineun sori bak))
    (MC reading: )
  53. : wide, broad
    (eumhun reading: 넓을 (neolbeul bak))
    (MC reading: )
  54. : rhyme
    (eumhun reading: (un bak))
    (MC reading: )
  55. : widely covered
    (eumhun reading: 널리 덟힐 (neolli deolpil bak))
    (MC reading: )
  56. : unknown, unidentified
    (eumhun reading: 미상 (misang bak))
    (MC reading: )
  57. : to explode
    (eumhun reading: 터질 (teojil bak))
    (MC reading: )
  58. : articles used to make silkworms work.
    (eumhun reading: (seop bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  59. : untempered iron, polonium
    (eumhun reading: 불리지 않은 쇠 (bulliji aneun soe bak))
    (MC reading: )
  60. : sujebi, korean traditional food
    (eumhun reading: 수제비 (sujebi bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  61. : praying mantis egg
    (eumhun reading: 버마재비 알 (beomajaebi al bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  62. : the name of a beast
    (eumhun reading: 짐승 이름 (jimseung ireum bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  63. : the flapping of the wings, storm whirlwind
    (eumhun reading: 날개 치는 소리, 폭풍 (nalgae chineun sori, pokpung bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bˠau, pʰˠʌk̚))
  64. : a bone arrowhead
    (eumhun reading: 뼈살촉 (ppyeosalchok bak))
    (MC reading: (MC bˠauX, bˠauH, pʰuk̚, bˠʌk̚))
  65. : intense fire
    (eumhun reading: 불이 성할 (buri seonghal bak))
    (MC reading: )
  66. : amber
    (eumhun reading: 호박 (hobak bak))
    (MC reading: )
  67. : bank, embankment, dike
    (eumhun reading: 방죽 (bangjuk bak))
    (MC reading: )
  68. : hail
    (eumhun reading: 우박 (ubak bak))
    (MC reading: )
  69. : cast iron, protactinium
    (eumhun reading: 무쇠 (musoe bak))
    (MC reading: )
  70. : bull
    (eumhun reading: 수소 (suso bak))
    (MC reading: (MC pʰˠʌk̚))

References[edit]

  1. ^ 辰人 (The Jin people called calabashes pak, and since the great egg at the beginning [of the lineage] was like a calabash, they used pak as their surname.)

Further reading[edit]