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U+BC15, 박
HANGUL SYLLABLE BAG
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:q-k-r

[U+BC14]
Hangul Syllables
[U+BC16]

Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[pa̠k̚]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? bak
Revised Romanization (translit.)? bag
McCune–Reischauer? pak
Yale Romanization? pak

Etymology 1[edit]





미 ←→ 배

Syllable[edit]

(bak)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of , , and .
Derived terms[edit]
  • 박다 (bakda, “to drive, hammer, ram”)
    박은이 (bageuni, “a printer”)
    박음질 (bageumjil, “back-stitch”)
    박이 (bagi, “a way of piercing in sewing.”)
    박이다 (bagida, “to get stuck, remain deeply embedded in, ”)
    • 인이 이다.
      Ini bagida.
      to become addicted to, fall into the habit of
    박이것 (bagigeot, “all the goods that are made by hammering”)
    박이끌 (bagikkeul, “a chisel used for smashing and marking only; used to dig holes for small things like bars.”)
    박이연 (bagiyeon, “a Korean traditional kite. Shield-yeon bores out a hole in the middle of a rectangle, and Park Yi-yeon is known to have marked the entire or part of the shield kite with characteristic shapes such as round dots, eyes, and a long nose to make it look like something is embedded. It is named according to its marked color or shape.”)
    박이옷 (bagiot, “clothes made from backstitching”)
    박음 (bageum, “a way of piercing in sewing.”) (North Korea)
    박살 (baksal): to be broken and shatter into pieces
    박스 (bakseu): box
    박수 (baksu): a male shaman
    박테리아 (bakteria): bacteria
    붙박이 (butbagi): a fixture, built-in furniture, (figuratively) an object or person whose position has been fixed so that there is no movement
    곤두박다 (gondubakda): to fall upside down
    그루박다 (geurubakda): to lift a thing upside down on the floor, (figuratively) to suppress a person, to be firmly determined
    그루박다 (geurubakda): to settle down in a certain place (North Korea)
    꼬라박다 (kkorabakda): to drive from top to bottom, to ram, to spend money in vain
    내리박다 (naeribakda): to hammer from top to bottom, to drive(pound,hammer) without mercy
    노박이로 (nobagiro): always, steadily, firmly, unmovingly
    노박히다 (nobakhida): to stick to one place over and over, bent on only one thing, be engrossed in
    대박 (daebak): a figurative word of what is done in a great deal
    • 대박이 나다.
      Daebagi nada.
      hit the jackpot.
    명씨박이 (myeongssibagi): (dialectal) 네눈박이 (nenunbagi), a dog with four eyes at first sight because of white dots on both eyes.
    명씨박이다 (myeongssibagida): the eye disease causing a white dot on the pupil, causing blindness.
    윽박지르다 (eukbakjireuda): to break a person's spirits with threatening words.
    처박다 (cheobakda): to ram, to spend money in vain
    틀어박다 (teureobakda): to cram, stuff, fill, pack (in), stop (up), charge, plug
    틀어박히다 (teureobakhida): to shut oneself in, stay indoors

Etymology 2[edit]

Korean Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ko

Of native Korean origin.

Noun[edit]

(bak)

  1. gourd; calabash
  2. gourd shell (dried hard and used as a bottle, dipper, etc.)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Korean Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ko
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Sino-Korean word from

Proper noun[edit]

(Bak) (hanja )

  1. A surname​.
    c. 1280 AD, Il-yeon, 일연(一然) (iryeon)), “기이 권제1(紀異卷第一), 신라시조 혁거세왕(新羅始祖 赫居世王) (gii gwonje1, sillasijo hyeokgeosewang(新羅始祖 赫居世王))”, in Samguk yusa, 삼국유사(三國遺事) (samgugyusa):
    사내는 박〔瓠〕과 같이 생긴 알에서 나왔고, 향인들은 박을 박(朴)이라 이르므로, 그 성을 박으로 하였다.(The boy hatched from an egg that looked like a gourd, and countrymen called gourd as Bak, so his last name became Bak.)
    Sanaeneun bak〔瓠〕gwa gachi saenggin areseo nawatgo, hyang-indeureun bageul bagira ireumeuro, geu seong-eul bageuro hayeotda.(The boy hatched from an egg that looked like a gourd, and countrymen called gourd as Bak, so his last name became Bak.)
    (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. bark of a tree
    , [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    , [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Shuowen Jiezi, circa 2nd century CE
    Pǔ. Mù pí yě. Cóng mù, bǔ shēng [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  3. A historical surname used by the Yi () people.
    九月西 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    九月西 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Chen Shou, Records of the Three Kingdoms, circa 3rd century CE
    jiǔyuè, bā qī xìng yí wáng Pú hú, cóng yì hóu Dù huò jǔ bā yí, cóng mín lái fù, yú shì fēn bā jùn, yǐ Hú wéi bā dōng tài shǒu, Huò wèi bā xī tài shǒu, [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    From: 通志畧
    Yí dí dà xìng. Yǒu pǔ shì yǔ pǔ tóng [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  4. big, suddenly, beautiful
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    From: 博雅
    Pǔ. Dà yě cù yě lí yě [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  5. combined notes of and , the sound is . The meaning is
    [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    From: 玉篇
    Pǔ mù qiè, yīn pū. Běn yě [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  6. there were many Kim and Park in the country, but they did not married with other last names.
    · [MSC, trad.]
    · [MSC, simp.]
    From: 舊唐書
    guó rén duō jīn pǔ liǎng xìng yì xìng bù wéi hūn [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  7. the king's last name was Kim, the noble man's last name was Park, the people had no last name, but only a name.
    ,, [MSC, trad.]
    ,, [MSC, simp.]
    From: 新唐書
    wáng xìng jīn, guì rén xìng pǔ, mín wú shì yǒu míng [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
Derived terms[edit]
  • 박도 (bakdo): A sword that is usually carried without a scabbard and ornamentation.
Usage notes[edit]

Usually romanized as Park or Pak.

Etymology 4[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Noun[edit]

(bak)

  1. head

Etymology 5[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Noun[edit]

(bak)

  1. someone who is a financial backer in gambling.
  2. a unit of money spent on gambling

Etymology 6[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Noun[edit]

(bak)

  1. the sound of scratching or rubbing
  2. the sound of tearing thin, tough paper or cloth all at once
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Noun[edit]

(bak)

  1. criticism
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Adverb[edit]

(bak)

  1. strongly and vigorously
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 9[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Noun[edit]

(bak)

  1. an article that fills a gap in the board of a ship so that it won't leak.

Etymology 10[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Suffix[edit]

—박 (-bak) + (i)

  1. a suffix attached to the end of some nouns, meaning something is a person, animal, or thing embedded in it.
  2. a suffix that means something is embedded in it or that it is fixed in one place at a certain times.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 11[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(bak)

  1. : to knock; to beat; to tap
    (eumhun reading: 두드릴 (dudeuril bak), MC reading: (MC pɨoH, pʰwɑk̚, pwɑk̚))
    박동 (bakdong): Heartbeat, pulse
    박동 (bakdong) (North Korea) : a word that figuratively translates into passionate movement or momentum.
    박동 (bakdong): rhythmic contraction movement of organs
    박살 (baksal): to beat someone to death with one's hand
    박진 (bakjin) (North Korea) : to push one's way through
  2. : to stay; to remain
    (eumhun reading: 머무를 (meomureul bak), MC reading: (MC bwɑk̚))
    (bak): a unit of counting the number of nights spent in a destination.
    23日two nights and three days
    박지 (bakji): a coastal area where ships can stay safe
    도박 (dobak): the arrival of a ship in a harbor or a certain place
  3. : to clap; beat or rhythm
    (eumhun reading: (chil bak), MC reading: (MC pʰˠæk̚))
    (bak): a Gugak instrument that gathers six thin and long frames and makes a sound by stitching one end with a string, spreading and folding.
    (bak): time, beat
    박수 (baksu): to clap one's hands, to applaud
    박자 (bakja): rhythm, beat
    박장대소 (bakjangdaeso): to applaud with laughter
    박동 (bakdong): Heartbeat
    박차 (bakcha): an article on the back of a shoe worn when riding a horse
    강박 (gangbak): downbeat
    약박 (yakbak): upbeat
  4. : to persecute
    (eumhun reading: 핍박할 (pipbakhal bak), MC reading: (MC pˠæk̚))
    강박 (gangbak): a feeling of intense psychological pressure, seized by a certain idea or emotion.
    박격포 (bakgyeokpo): mortar
    박도 (bakdo): something coming near
    박력 (bangnyeok): have power, driven, energetic
    박미 (bangmi): come very close
    박지 (bakji): a state in which something is very near
    박진 (bakjin): the nearness of expression to the truth, to push one's way through
    박진감 (bakjin-gam): a feeling close to the truth, liveliness, exciting, dynamic
    박해 (bakhae): to persecute someone, to oppress, to be cruel and do harm.
  5. : bark of a tree
    (eumhun reading: 나무껍질 (namukkeopjil bak), MC reading: (MC pʰˠʌk̚))
    박도 (bakdo): a sword that is carried without a scabbard and ornamentation.
  6. : wide; broad; spacious
    (eumhun reading: 넓을 (neolbeul bak), MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
    (bak): one of the oldest gambling transferred from China.
    (bak): a term that refers to wager or bet as a whole.
    박고지금 (bakgojigeum): have a wide knowledge of past and present
    박관 (bakgwan): to take a wide view
    박구 (bakgu): to investigate thoroughly, make an exhaustive study of, master
    박구 (bakgu): to buy something at a wide range
    박달 (bakdal): to master something completely, be well versed in things
    박대 (bakdae): broad, big
    박도 (bakdo): gambler
    박람 (bangnam): reading a lot of books, to take a broad view of
    박람회 (bangnamhoe): exposition, fair, an event that displays all kinds of goods related to agriculture, industry, and commerce to promote the development of products and industries.
    박문 (bangmun): to polish one's learning
    박문 (bangmun): know a lot by hearing things widely
    박문강기 (bangmun-ganggi): to know things widely and remember them well.
    박문약례 (bangmunyangnye): to study widely and keep good manners and self-interest.
    박물 (bangmul): to know a lot about things, the study of nature
    박물군자 (bangmulgunja): a man well versed in all sorts of things
    박물관 (bangmulgwan): museum
    박변 (bakbyeon): well versed in things and gifted with eloquence
    박보 (bakbo): a book that explains how to play janggi
    박사 (baksa): doctor's degree, PhD
    박사 (baksa): a game of archery
    박상 (baksang): a broad forehead
    박섭 (bakseop): to read a wide range of books
    박수 (baksu): a widespread search in different types of books
    박수 (baksu): widely received by many people or places
    박순 (baksun): to consult a wide range of opinions
    박습 (bakseup): widely taught and learn
    박시 (baksi): to extend love and kindness to many people
    박식 (baksik): knowledgeable
    박아 (baga): a person of wide learning and good character
    박애 (bagae): to love everyone without discrimination
    박애주의 (bagaejuui): philanthropist
    박언학 (bageonhak): a technical term for linguistics, the study of the origin, development, and transition of each language.
    박원 (bagwon): to influence far and wide
    박예 (bagye): to accomplish in some art widely
    박종 (bakjong): to rule widely
    박학 (bakhak): have a wide knowledge in a lot of things
    박학다문 (bakhakdamun): have a wide learning and knowledge
    박학심문 (bakhaksimmun): to learn widely and ask in detail.
    박혁 (bakhyeok): baduk and janggi, Korean checkers and chess
    박학다식 (bakhakdasik): versatile
    도박 (dobak): gamble
  7. : slim; thin
    (eumhun reading: 엷다 (yeolda bak), MC reading: (MC bwɑk̚))
    박대 (bakdae): to treat poorly, inhospitable
    박미 (bangmi): a tender and compact figure
    박빙 (bakbing): close game, neck and neck
    박빙 (bakbing): thin ice
    박설 (bakseol): a snowfall barely enough to leave footprints
    박수 (baksu): a small harvest or a small income.
    박지 (bakji): weak-willed
    박지 (bakji): one of the stage in the practice of Buddhism in which anguish is gradually disappearing
    박지 (bakji): thin paper
    박지 (bakji): barren land
    박지 (bakji): dialect of bat
    박차 (bakcha): a tea with a poor taste, tea served to a person
    박하 (bakha): mint
    강박 (gangbak): to be very hard and unsympathetic
  8. : amber
    (eumhun reading: 호박 (hobak bak), MC reading: (MC pʰˠæk̚))
  9. : to hit; to strike; to punch
    (eumhun reading: (chil bak), MC reading: (MC pʰuk̚))
    박멸 (bangmyeol): to get rid of all of them.
    박살 (baksal): to beat someone to death
  10. : unrefined precious stone
    (eumhun reading: 옥돌 (okdol bak), MC reading: (MC pʰˠʌk̚))
  11. : gilt, gold leaf, platinum
    (eumhun reading: 금박 (geumbak bak), MC reading: )
  12. : vessel; ship
    (eumhun reading: (bae bak), MC reading: (MC bˠæk̚))
    박물 (bangmul): foreign goods entering the country
    박물 (bangmul): a large ship
    대박 (daebak): a large ship used in the sea, figuratively speaking of a large object
  13. : to remove; to peel; to strip
    (eumhun reading: 벗길 (beotgil bak), MC reading: (MC pˠʌk̚))
    박제 (bakje): taxidermied (stuffed)
    박탈 (baktal): to deprive a person of wealth, rights, or qualifications.
    박탈 (baktal): fall off in peels
  14. : simple; naive; innocent
    (eumhun reading: 순박할 (sunbakhal bak), MC reading: (MC buo, buk̚, puk̚, pʰˠʌk̚))
  15. : reed screen; foil
    (eumhun reading: (bal bak), MC reading: (MC bwɑk̚))
    (bak):a paper-thin, flat piece of metal.
  16. : lees; dreg; sediment
    (eumhun reading: 지게미 (jigemi bak), MC reading: (MC pʰwɑk̚))
    (bak): the leftover squash of sesame oil
    강박 (gangbak): a word used to mean both rice ban and lees
  17. : to tie
    (eumhun reading: 얽을 (eolgeul bak), MC reading: (MC buɑH, bʉɐk̚))
  18. : upperarm and forearm
    (eumhun reading: 팔뚝 (palttuk bak), MC reading: (MC pʰwɑk̚))
    각박 (gakbak): the whole arm
    상박 (sangbak): brachium
    하박 (habak): antibrachium
    전박 (jeonbak): lowerarm
    견박 (gyeonbak): the upper part of the outer upper arm of the shoulder.
    비박 (bibak): shoulder and arm
  19. : hail
    (eumhun reading: 우박 (ubak bak), MC reading: (MC bˠʌk̚))
  20. : to refute; to rebut
    (eumhun reading: 논박할 (nonbakhal bak), MC reading: (MC pˠʌk̚))
    박설 (bakseol): a theory that contradicts a person's argument.
  21. : placename in ancient China
    (eumhun reading: 땅이름 (ttang-ireum bak), MC reading: (MC bwɑk̚))
  22. : a large-scale wooden building, roofed over a pillar, and one after another.
    (eumhun reading: 두공 (dugong bak), MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚, bˠiæk̚, bˠɛk̚))
  23. : a gable
    (eumhun reading: 박공 (bakgong bak), MC reading: )
  24. : a type of bell
    (eumhun reading: (jong bak), MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  25. : to refute, rebut
    (eumhun reading: 논박할 (nonbakhal bak), MC reading: (MC pˠʌk̚))
  26. : the shoulder joint and bone
    (eumhun reading: 어깻죽지뼈 (eokkaetjukjippyeo bak), MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  27. : to chew
    (eumhun reading: 씹을 (ssibeul bak), MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  28. : to persecute
    (eumhun reading: 핍박할 (pipbakhal bak), MC reading: (MC pˠæk̚, pʰˠæk̚))
  29. : rat, mouse
    (eumhun reading: (jwi bak), MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  30. : to mix
    (eumhun reading: 뒤섞일 (dwiseokkil bak), MC reading: (MC bwɑk̚))
  31. : rhyme
    (eumhun reading: 박,운 (bak,un bak), MC reading: )
  32. : the name of a beast
    (eumhun reading: 짐승의 이름 (jimseung-ui ireum bak), MC reading: )
  33. : the sound of a blast
    (eumhun reading: 뿜는 소리 (ppumneun sori bak), MC reading: )
  34. : Alternative form of
    (eumhun reading: 나무 빽빽할 (namu ppaekppaekhal bak), MC reading: )
  35. : Alternative form of
    (eumhun reading: 두드릴 (dudeuril bak), MC reading: )
  36. : to explode, dry
    (eumhun reading: 말릴 (mallil bak), MC reading: )
  37. : a shooting star, meteor
    (eumhun reading: 별똥 (byeolttong bak), MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨɐk̚))
  38. : to hit, strike
    (eumhun reading: (chil bak), MC reading: (MC bˠʌk̚, pʰˠʌk̚))
  39. : wild, violent, fierce
    (eumhun reading: 사나울 (sanaul bak), MC reading: (MC bɑuH, buk̚))
  40. : to burst, explode
    (eumhun reading: 터질 (teojil bak), MC reading: (MC pˠauH, pˠʌk̚, pwɑk̚))
  41. : to vent one's anger
    (eumhun reading: 역정 낼 (yeokjeong nael bak), MC reading: (MC pˠʌk̚))
  42. : embroidered collar
    (eumhun reading: 수놓은 깃 (sunoeun git bak), MC reading: (MC puok̚, pwɑk̚))
  43. : stuffy
    (eumhun reading: 답답할 (dapdaphal bak), MC reading: (MC bˠʌk̚))
  44. : a tillar, sprout
    (eumhun reading: (um bak), MC reading: (MC bˠʌk̚))
  45. : a japanese ginger sprout
    (eumhun reading: 양하 (yangha bak), MC reading: (MC pʰwɑk̚))
  46. : the sound of a kick
    (eumhun reading: 차는 소리 (chaneun sori bak), MC reading: (MC pˠʌk̚))
  47. : dark
    (eumhun reading: 어두울 (eoduul bak), MC reading: (MC buok̚))
  48. : Alternative form of
    (eumhun reading: 금박 (geumbak bak), MC reading: )
  49. : Alternative form of
    (eumhun reading: 논박할 (nonbakhal bak), MC reading: )
  50. : big bell
    (eumhun reading: 큰 종 (keun jong bak), MC reading: )
  51. : the sound of a crash
    (eumhun reading: 부딪히는 소리 (budichineun sori bak), MC reading: )
  52. : wide, broad
    (eumhun reading: 넓을 (neolbeul bak), MC reading: )
  53. : rhyme
    (eumhun reading: (un bak), MC reading: )
  54. : widely covered
    (eumhun reading: 널리 덟힐 (neolli deolphil bak), MC reading: )
  55. : unknown, unidentified
    (eumhun reading: 미상 (misang bak), MC reading: )
  56. : to explode
    (eumhun reading: 터질 (teojil bak), MC reading: )
  57. : articles used to make silkworms work.
    (eumhun reading: (seop bak), MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  58. : untempered iron, polonium
    (eumhun reading: 불리지 않은 쇠 (bulliji aneun soe bak), MC reading: )
  59. : sujebi, korean traditional food
    (eumhun reading: 수제비 (sujebi bak), MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
    박탁 (baktak): Sujebi
  60. : praying mantis egg
    (eumhun reading: 버마재비 알 (beomajaebi al bak), MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  61. : the name of a beast
    (eumhun reading: 짐승 이름 (jimseung ireum bak), MC reading: (MC pwɑk̚))
  62. : the flapping of the wings, storm whirlwind
    (eumhun reading: 날개 치는 소리, 폭풍 (nalgae chineun sori, pokpung bak), MC reading: (MC bˠau, pʰˠʌk̚))
  63. : a bone arrowhead
    (eumhun reading: 뼈살촉 (ppyeosalchok bak), MC reading: (MC bˠauX, bˠauH, pʰuk̚, bˠʌk̚))
  64. : intense fire
    (eumhun reading: 불이 성할 (buri seonghal bak), MC reading: )
  65. : amber
    (eumhun reading: 호박 (hobak bak), MC reading: )
  66. : bank, embankment, dike
    (eumhun reading: 방죽 (bangjuk bak), MC reading: )
  67. : hail
    (eumhun reading: 우박 (ubak bak), MC reading: )
  68. : cast iron, protactinium
    (eumhun reading: 무쇠 (musoe bak), MC reading: )

References[edit]