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Stroke order
ㅂ (bieup) stroke order.png



The traditional account* states that ㅂ b is derived from m by the addition of a stroke (ㅁ而ㅂ [] 其因聲加畫). However, Gari Ledyard proposes instead that ㅂ b is borrowed from Phagspa b, ultimately from Tibetanb, and that it is ㅁ m which is derived by the removal of the top of ㅂ b.

* Hunmin Jeongeum Haerye "Explanations and Examples of the Proper Sounds for the Instruction of the People" (1446), defining and explaining the script now known as 한글 ‎(Hangeul, Great script, Korean script) in South Korea and 조선글 ‎(joseon'geul, Korean script) in North Korea.


  • IPA(key): /p/, [p], [b], [p̚], [m]
  • Phonetic hangul: ㅂ, ㅁ



  1. 비읍 (bieup, “bieup”), a jamo (letter) of the alphabet of the Korean writing system, hangeul; the unaspirated bilabial plosive (IPA(key): /p/)

Usage notes[edit]

In the North Korean order, (b) is the sixth jamo. In the South Korean order, it is the eighth.

See also[edit]

  • (unaspirated plosive jamo): (d), (g)
  • (bilabial jamo): (m), (p)

Derived terms[edit]

  • (p)
  • (m) (in Ledyard account)