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U+3142, ㅂ
HANGUL LETTER PIEUP

[U+3141]
Hangul Compatibility Jamo
[U+3143]
U+1107, ᄇ
HANGUL CHOSEONG PIEUP

[U+1106]
Hangul Jamo
[U+1108]
U+11B8, ᆸ
HANGUL JONGSEONG PIEUP

[U+11B7]
Hangul Jamo
[U+11B9]
U+3205, ㈅
PARENTHESIZED HANGUL PIEUP

[U+3204]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3206]
U+3265, ㉥
CIRCLED HANGUL PIEUP

[U+3264]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3266]
U+FFB2, ᄇ
HALFWIDTH HANGUL LETTER PIEUP

[U+FFB1]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FFB3]

Jeju[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /p/
  • Actual realisation:
    (word-initially) IPA(key): [p]
    (between vowels, after nasals and liquids) IPA(key): [b]
    (after stops) IPA(key): [p͈]
    (before stops, or word-finally) IPA(key): [p̚]
    (before nasals) IPA(key): [m]
    (next to /h/) IPA(key): [pʰ]
    (after vowels) IPA(key): [w]

Letter[edit]

(b)

  1. The Jeju consonant, ㅂ.

Korean[edit]

Stroke order
ㅂ (bieup) stroke order.png

Etymology 1[edit]

The Hunmin Jeongeum Haerye, the treatise introducing the principles behind the Korean alphabet written by its inventor King Sejong in 1446, explains that this glyph was derived by adding a stroke to (m), which itself is a visual representation of a mouth, to represent the fact that both /m/ and /p/ are labial sounds. In Hunmin Jeongeum Haerye, is followed by and .

Gari Ledyard proposes that Sejong derived from the 'Phags-pa letter (p) turned rightwards, and that was in fact created by removing the upper part of . Ledyard gives evidence that Sejong was inspired by 'Phags-pa for the basic glyph forms, although he changed the shapes of the letters drastically in order to enhance the simplicity and rationality of his script, and the ultimate shape of the letters may indeed have been influenced by that of the speech organs (Ledyard 1997).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /p/
  • Actual realisation:
    (word-initially) IPA(key): [p]
    (between vowels, after nasals and liquids) IPA(key): [b]
    (after stops) IPA(key): [p͈]
    (before stops, or word-finally) IPA(key): [p̚]
    (before nasals) IPA(key): [m]
    (next to /h/) IPA(key): [pʰ]

Symbol[edit]

(b)

  1. 비읍 (bieup, “bieup”), the sixth jamo (letter) of Hangul, the Korean alphabet; the unaspirated bilabial plosive (/p/)
Derived terms[edit]
  • (p)
  • (m) (in Ledyard account)
See also[edit]
  • (unaspirated plosive jamo): (d), (g)
  • (bilabial jamo): (m), (p)

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

—ㅂ (-b)

  1. Post-vowel allomorph form of (-beu, historical adjective-forming suffix)

Etymology 3[edit]

Sound-symbolic; compare English yep and nope, French ouaip (yep), Spanish sip (yep).

Particle[edit]

(-p)

  1. (colloquial) a sentence-final particle connoting certitude, most common among younger speakers
    , 그럴게!
    Nep, geureolgeyo!
    Yep, I'll be doing it that way!
    • 2017, “10년된 저의 연인을 소개할게욥”, in YouTube[1]:
      연인 소개할게
      jeoui yeonineul sogaehalgeyop
      I'll be introducing my significant other!
Related terms[edit]
  • (-t, colloquial emphatic particle)