一日

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Chinese[edit]

 
one; single; a
one; single; a; (before verbs) as soon as, once; (before a noun) entire (family, etc.)
 
day; sun; date
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(一日)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • siŏh-nĭk - vernacular;
  • ék-nĭk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Noun[edit]

    一日

    1. (literary or dialectal) one day
    2. (literary) another day in the future
    3. (literary) yesterday
    4. (Teochew) daytime; day

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (one day): (literary) 一旦 (yīdàn), 一天 (yītiān)
    • (yesterday): 昨天 (zuótiān)
    • (daytime):

    Derived terms[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ついたち
    Grade: 1 Grade: 1
    jukujikun

    /tuki tati//t͡suitat͡ɕi/

    Originally a compound of (tsuki, moon; month) +‎ 立ち (tachi, standing; starting, occurring, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 立つ (tatsu, to stand up; to start, to occur)).[1][2][3]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Irregular reading)

    Noun[edit]

    一日(ついたち) (tsuitachi

    1. the first day of the month (solar or lunar calendar)
    Usage notes[edit]

    The tsuitachi reading is the most common for the “first day of the month” sense when referring to dates.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いち
    Grade: 1
    にち
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese 一日 (ʔiɪt̚ ȵiɪt̚, literally one + day). Compare modern Hakka reading yit-ngit.

    The goon reading, so likely the initial borrowing.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • When used as a modifier, the term takes pitch accent pattern 0.

    Noun[edit]

    (いち)(にち) (ichinichi

    1. one day, 24 hours
      (いち)(にち)()ごす
      ichinichi o sugosu
      to spend a day
      • 1997 December 12, Abiko, Miwa, “みかん・絵日記 おはなし⑦ [Mikan Picture Diary: Story #7]”, in みかん・絵日記 [Mikan Picture Diary], volume 2 (fiction), Tokyo: Hakusensha, page 14:
        (じゅう)(じつ)した(いち)(にち)でしたね♡お(とう)さん
        Jūjitsushita ichinichi deshita ne ♡ otō-san
        What a fun-filled day ♡ right honey?
    2. the daytime, the period from dawn until dusk
    3. (figuratively) a short period of time
      ローマは一日(いちにち)にして()らず
      rōma wa ichinichi ni shite narazu
      Rome wasn't built in a day
    4. one day, someday, an unspecified day
    5. the first day of the month
    Usage notes[edit]

    The ichinichi reading appears to be somewhat more common than synonymous ichijitsu below. There may be dialectal differences in usage patterns.

    The tsuitachi reading is the most common for the “first day of the month” sense when referring to dates.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いち
    Grade: 1
    じつ
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    Ultimately from Middle Chinese 一日 (ʔiɪt̚ ȵiɪt̚, literally one + day). Compare modern Min Nan reading chi̍t-ji̍t.

    This reading uses the goon for the first character and the kan'on for the second character, suggesting a shift in reading after the initial borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • When used as a modifier, the term takes pitch accent pattern 0.

    Noun[edit]

    (いち)(じつ) (ichijitsu

    1. (literary) one day, 24 hours
    2. (literary) the daytime, the period from dawn until dusk
    3. (literary) (figuratively) a short period of time
    Usage notes[edit]

    The synonymous ichinichi reading appears to be somewhat more common. There may be dialectal differences in usage patterns.

    The tsuitachi reading is the most common for the “first day of the month” sense when referring to dates.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いつ > いっ
    Grade: 1
    ひ > ぴ
    Grade: 1
    jūbakoyomi

    Compound of (ichi, one, on'yomi, or Chinese-derived reading) +‎ (hi, day, kun'yomi, or native-Japanese reading).[2]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (いっ)() (ippiいつぴ (itupi)?

    1. (rare) the first day of the month
    Usage notes[edit]

    This reading appears to be quite rare. There may be dialectal differences in usage patterns.

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひと
    Grade: 1

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Compound of (hito, one) +‎ (hi, day).[1][2][3] Appears in The Tale of Genji of the early 1000s CE.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ひと)() (hitohi

    1. (obsolete) one day, 24 hours
    2. (obsolete) the daytime, the period from dawn until dusk

    Etymology 6[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひと
    Grade: 1
    ひ > え
    Grade: 1
    Irregular

    /hitohi//hitohe//hitoe/

    Shift in pronunciation from hitohi above.[1]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Irregular reading)

    Noun[edit]

    (ひと)() (hitoeひとへ (fitofe)?

    1. (rare, obsolete) (all senses appear to be identical as for hitohi above)

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. 3.0 3.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN